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煩請高手幫忙翻譯以下論文摘要內容!!感謝!!

Objective: To elucidate mechanism of injury, nonoperative protocols, surgical techniques, rehabilitation schedules, and return to sports guidelines for partial and complete triceps tendon injuries.

Data Sources: The PubMed and OVID databases were searched in 2010 and peer-reviewed English language articles in 2011.

Main Results: After a fall on an outstretched hand, direct trauma on the elbow, or lifting against resistance, patients often present with pain and weakness of extension. Examination may reveal a palpable tendon gap, and radiographs may reveal a Flake sign. Acute partial injuries have positive outcomes with immobilization in 30-degree flexion for 4 to 6 weeks. Primary repair for complete rupture can restore normal extensor function after 3 to 4 months. Reconstruction returns normal extensor function up to 4 years. Most authors support postoperative immobilization for 2 to 3 weeks at 30- to 40-degree flexion, flexion block bracing for an additional 3 weeks, and unrestricted activity at 6 months. Athletes may be able to return to sports after 4 to 5 weeks of recovery from a partial injury, but return may be delayed if operative tendon repair is performed.

Conclusions: Acute partial triceps tendon injuries may be managed conservatively at first and should be repaired primarily if this fails or if presentation is delayed. Reconstruction should first use the anconeus rotation technique. If the anconeus is devitalized, the Achilles tendon may be the allograft of choice.

1 個解答

評分
  • 6 年前
    最佳解答

    目的:探討受傷機制,非手術治療方案,手術技術,康復計劃,並返回到局部和完整的肱三頭肌肌腱損傷的體育方針。

    數據資料來源: PubMed和奧維德數據庫中搜索在2010年和2011年同行評議的英文文章。

    主要結果:在一個伸出的手跌倒後,直接創傷肘部,或起重抗阻力,痛苦和延長弱點經常出現的患者。檢查可發現一個明顯的肌腱差距, X光片可以揭示一個片狀的跡象。急性局部損傷有積極的結果與固定在30度屈曲為4 〜6週。初級修為完全斷裂可以在3 〜4個月後恢復正常伸肌功能。重建將返回正常伸肌功能長達4年。多數作者支持固定術後2 〜3週在30 - 40度屈曲,屈曲塊支撐額外3週,並在6個月無限制的活動。運動員也許能夠恢復運動後4 〜5週從部分損傷的恢復,但如果進行手術肌腱修復的回報可能會被延遲。

    結論:急性偏肱三頭肌肌腱損傷可保守管理的第一和應主要進行修復,如果失敗,或者演示文稿被延遲。重建應先使用肘肌旋轉技術。如果肘肌被滅活,跟腱可能是首選的移植。

    希望對您有幫助

    參考資料: google翻譯
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