方法：研究對象為10名健康的國二男性學生（年齡13.5±0.53歲，BMI為18.25±1.04公斤/公尺2），以慣用的斜背方式，分別以背重位置高（髂前上脊）、背重位置中（大轉子）、背重位置低（大轉子－膝外上踝中線）與沒背重四種不同背負條件，於跑步機上行走。本研究使用Kinema Tracer 3D動作分析系統（Kissei Comtec）聯結四架高速攝影機（60Hz）以擷取全身的步態時空與運動學參數。
Methods: Measuring ten healthy grade two junior high school male students in this investigation (age 13.5±0.53 years old, BMI 18.25±1.04 kg/m2) to walk on a treadmill with four experimental conditions including school bag being placed at high (anterior superior iliac spine), mid (great trochanter), low (great trochanter to lateral epicondyle middle) and no load. This research adopts Kinema Tracer 3D motion analysis system (Lissei Comtec) and links with four high speed cameras (60 Hz) to capture whole body’s temporal and kinematics parameters from the students.
結果：（一）不同背重位置下踏步長、站立期、擺盪期與雙腳站立期均無差異（二）不同背重位置下身體軀幹角度達統計顯著水準，背重位置中與高大於背重位置低與無背重，背重位置低大於無背重（三) 不同背重位置下身體扭轉角度未達統計顯著水準，身體扭轉區變異達統計顯著水準，無背重時大於背重位置中與高、背重位置中大於背重位置高。（四) 不同背重位置下髖關節角度達統計顯著水準，其中在慣用邊，背重位置中及低大於無背重、背重位置高大於低與無背重；非慣用邊，背重位置高、中與低大於無背重。
Result: (1) There are no difference between 4 conditions in step length, stance phase, swing phase and double support phase. (2) For trunk angle, when load placement at mid and high are bigger than low and no load, load at low was bigger than no load. (3) For trunk rotation angle, there is no Statistical difference, but trunk rotation angle variation have statistical difference that no load is bigger than mid and high placement, and mid is bigger than high placement. (4) For habitually using side, load at mid and low placement are bigger than no load, high is bigger than low placement and no load ; for the other side, three load placements are bigger than no load.
- 6 年前最佳解答
Methods: The subjects were 10 healthy country, two male students (age 13.5 ± 0.53 years, BMI was 18.25 ± 1.04 Kg / m 2), slung the usual manner, respectively, re-position high back (on the anterior superior iliac spine ), back re-position (greater trochanter), re-position the low back (greater trochanter - knee, ankle outside the midline) and did not back heavy to bear four different conditions on the treadmill. In this study, Kinema Tracer 3D motion analysis system (Kissei Comtec) joins four aircraft speed camera (60Hz) to capture temporal and kinematic parameters of gait body.
Results: (a) re-position stepping back under different long-standing period, swing your feet to stand on stage and there was no difference (two) different back torso angle statistically significant level re-position, re-position back and tall in the back Heavy weight back position is greater than the position of the low back and no heavy weight position back no more than low back heavy (three) different positions of the body weight back torsion angle was not statistically significant, the variation of the body to reverse the district level of statistical significance, no back weight when with high-back position is greater than the weight of heavy high-back position. (D) hip angle position under different weight back statistically significant level, which in the preferred side, back position and low weight no greater than the weight back, low back and re-position tall without back heavy; non-dominant side, back re-position high, medium and low weight greater than without back.參考資料： google
- 老翻哥Lv 66 年前
Abstract 四大要項：objective, method, results, conclusion
你欠缺了最重要的 aim of research (研究目的）
objective 寫出來後，Method 一兩句話即可帶過，如：
A Kinema Tracer 3D motion analysis system (Lissei Comtec) was used to record spatial-temporal and kinematics parameters of the 10 subjects with different modes of back carrying.
而 result 列的項目太多了，同樣的問題，釐清研究目的，才知道那些是關鍵
result 寫出來後，接著要下 conclusion，讓人知道你的研究價值何在。
In this experiment, chromatography was used to analyse amino acids in solution. Standards were used to identify unknown amino acids in a mixture. (目的）Ascending layer chromatography with an isopropanol-based solvent was used to separate the amino acids, which were then detected with ninhydrin.（方法） The unknown mixture analysed was found to contain aspartate and histidine. It was observed that hydrophobic amino acids were most mobile. （結果）This technique was shown to be an effective way of analysing unknown mixtures of amino acids.（結論1）A mechanism for ninhydrin binding to amino acids is proposed, based on observations from this experiment.（結論2）
- 匿名使用者6 年前
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- LouisLv 76 年前
- DaSaGwaLv 76 年前
I suggest you divid it into two portions and re-post it. With such a long content, it is likely to be removed later.
Also, in thesis or dissertation, we don't use "method" or "result" as titles, instead we use "methodology" and "conclusion".
2014-06-12 09:07:46 補充：
Why? I will let you figure it out. After all, you are writing a thesis, you shall know the difference between method and methodology.
2014-06-12 10:03:01 補充：
Your methodology and conclusion don't have too many professional terminologies and knowledge. Most of them related to physics and body anatomy. It should not be that difficult to translate. Besides you already have most of the professional terms in place.
2014-06-12 10:08:54 補充：
Those who cannot translate is because they cannot understand what you said, not because they cannot translate. If they can understand, there will be no problem for them to translate.