永承 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 7 年前

我想請問這一句英文句子的文法問題

有一段句子

Most custody battles today are decided on the basis of who is the more fit parent for the child.

但是我覺得on the basis of的後面應該是who the more fit parent is for the child

請問到底哪個是對的?

已更新項目:

再請問高手們一個問題

After I had brushed my teeth, I washed my face.

After I brushed my teeth, I washed my face.

這兩句有什麼差

3 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 年前
    最佳解答

    ... who is the more fit parent for the child.才是正確的。因為英文有將長而複雜的文字放在句尾的習慣(end-weight principle),所以這裡的名詞子句雖是「間接問句」,但主詞the more fit parent加上修飾語for the child後更長,所以動詞is放在句尾會造成句構不自然(即who the more fit parent for the child is是不自然的),所以仍保持「直接問句」的句序不變。

    2014-06-13 09:07:45 補充:

    After I had brushed my teeth, I washed my face.

    After I brushed my teeth, I washed my face.

    前句用過去完成式+過去簡單式,因為兩個行動有時差,一前一後。

    後句用兩個過去簡單式也正確,因為有了after可以明確表示這部分較晚,不致造成誤解,所以也是正確的。

  • 7 年前

    Louis 解說的很好,+1。

  • rhody
    Lv 7
    7 年前

    舉個簡單的例子

    My friend is John.和John is my friend.的問句都是Who is your friend?

    變成"間接問句"(名詞子句)時

    I don't know who is your friend或

    I don't know who your friend is.都是對的!

    所以

    Most custody battles today are decided on the basis of who is the more fit parent for the child.是對的

    Most custody battles today are decided on the basis of who the more fit parent for the child is.也沒錯

    但....who the more fit parent is for the child就不對了!

    強化"間接問句"(名詞子句)的觀念,請看這裡

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