Swhite Lin 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 6 年前

It is a fact that 句型分析

各位大大:

It is a fact that I almost drowned makes me very careful about water safety whenever I go swimming. 這句型有錯誤 ?

可以改成

It is a fact that I almost drowned that makes me very careful about water safety whenever I go swimming.

為何寫成下列句子就正確:

The fact that I almost drowned makes me very careful about water safety whenever I go swimming.

2 個解答

評分
  • 6 年前
    最佳解答

    It is a fact that I almost drowned makes me very careful about water safety whenever I go swimming.

    一個連接詞,可以連接兩個子句,每個子句一個動詞,所以一個連接詞的句子可以有兩個動詞,兩個連接詞的句子,可以有三個動詞。

    你看這句,動詞有 is、drowned、makes、 go 四個,而連接詞只有 that、whenever 兩個,少一個連接詞,唸起來一定不通順,必然錯誤。

    It is a fact that I almost drowned that makes me very careful about water safety whenever I go swimming.

    這句在 makes 前面多加一個連接詞,成了三個連接詞接四個動詞,好像可以。但是連接詞不能直接接動詞 makes,除非把 that 當成關係代名詞,可是關係代名詞子句只能當形容詞修飾前面名詞先行詞,而這裡 that makes 前面是動詞 drowned,也不行。 that 加在這裡,既不能當連接詞,也不能當關代,所以還是錯!

    The fact that I almost drowned makes me very careful about water safety whenever I go swimming.

    我幾乎溺水這個事實使我不管何時去游泳都很小心下水安全。

    這句正確。 因為主詞是 fact,動詞是 makes,「事實使我小心」。 什麼事實? 就是 「我幾乎溺水」 這個事實,所以 fact = that I almost drowned,在文法上稱 that 子句為 fact 的 「同位語」,三句裡,只有這句是正確的!

    2014-06-22 12:08:11 補充:

    雖然不是很好,但第二句如果把 a 改成 the,就可以解釋得通:

    It is the fact that I almost drowned that makes me very careful about water safety whenever I go swimming.

    這種句型稱為分裂句。 所謂分裂句就是化減為繁,把簡單的一句話,用 it is ..... that ..... 兩個子句的形式來表達,例如:

    The story makes me laugh.

    --> It is the story that makes me missing.

    2014-06-22 12:13:36 補充:

    就好像 The story makes 改成 It is the story that makes,我們若把第二句的 The fact that I almost drowned makes 改成 It is the fact that I almost drowned that makes,就成了補充一裡的那句:

    It is the fact that I almost drowned that makes me very careful about water safety whenever I go swimming.

    比較你第二句,只是將a fact 改成the fact 而已。

    2014-06-22 12:15:38 補充:

    錯字更正,補充一例句 missing 改成 laugh:

    The story makes me laugh.

    --> It is the story that makes me laugh.

  • Louis
    Lv 7
    6 年前

    It is a fact that I almost drowned ....

    = That I almost drowned is a fact ....

    it是虛主詞

    名詞子句that I almost drowned是延遲的主詞(delayed subject)

    主要動詞是is

    這種句構和句意讓你無法再改寫成你的那兩種方式:在這個名詞子句後面加動詞或形容詞子句。

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