Swhite Lin 發問時間： 社會與文化語言 · 6 年前

# It is a fact that 句型分析

It is a fact that I almost drowned makes me very careful about water safety whenever I go swimming. 這句型有錯誤 ?

It is a fact that I almost drowned that makes me very careful about water safety whenever I go swimming.

The fact that I almost drowned makes me very careful about water safety whenever I go swimming.

### 2 個解答

• 6 年前
最佳解答

It is a fact that I almost drowned makes me very careful about water safety whenever I go swimming.

一個連接詞，可以連接兩個子句，每個子句一個動詞，所以一個連接詞的句子可以有兩個動詞，兩個連接詞的句子，可以有三個動詞。

你看這句，動詞有 is、drowned、makes、 go 四個，而連接詞只有 that、whenever 兩個，少一個連接詞，唸起來一定不通順，必然錯誤。

It is a fact that I almost drowned that makes me very careful about water safety whenever I go swimming.

這句在 makes 前面多加一個連接詞，成了三個連接詞接四個動詞，好像可以。但是連接詞不能直接接動詞 makes，除非把 that 當成關係代名詞，可是關係代名詞子句只能當形容詞修飾前面名詞先行詞，而這裡 that makes 前面是動詞 drowned，也不行。 that 加在這裡，既不能當連接詞，也不能當關代，所以還是錯！

The fact that I almost drowned makes me very careful about water safety whenever I go swimming.

我幾乎溺水這個事實使我不管何時去游泳都很小心下水安全。

這句正確。 因為主詞是 fact，動詞是 makes，「事實使我小心」。 什麼事實？ 就是 「我幾乎溺水」 這個事實，所以 fact = that I almost drowned，在文法上稱 that 子句為 fact 的 「同位語」，三句裡，只有這句是正確的！

2014-06-22 12:08:11 補充：

雖然不是很好，但第二句如果把 a 改成 the，就可以解釋得通：

It is the fact that I almost drowned that makes me very careful about water safety whenever I go swimming.

這種句型稱為分裂句。 所謂分裂句就是化減為繁，把簡單的一句話，用 it is ..... that ..... 兩個子句的形式來表達，例如：

The story makes me laugh.

--> It is the story that makes me missing.

2014-06-22 12:13:36 補充：

就好像 The story makes 改成 It is the story that makes，我們若把第二句的 The fact that I almost drowned makes 改成 It is the fact that I almost drowned that makes，就成了補充一裡的那句：

It is the fact that I almost drowned that makes me very careful about water safety whenever I go swimming.

比較你第二句，只是將a fact 改成the fact 而已。

2014-06-22 12:15:38 補充：

錯字更正，補充一例句 missing 改成 laugh:

The story makes me laugh.

--> It is the story that makes me laugh.

• Louis
Lv 7
6 年前

It is a fact that I almost drowned ....

= That I almost drowned is a fact ....

it是虛主詞

名詞子句that I almost drowned是延遲的主詞（delayed subject）

主要動詞是is

這種句構和句意讓你無法再改寫成你的那兩種方式：在這個名詞子句後面加動詞或形容詞子句。