Mayhem
Lv 6
Mayhem 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 5 年前

新聞中的句型與文法

1.The initiative urges a ceasefire starting imminently followed by a series of meetings in Cairo with high-level delegations from both sides.

這句話是被動式嗎?為何沒有Be動詞?

2.Hamas, the faction that controls Gaza, confirmed that truce efforts were under way.

假如先不論 "the faction that controls Gaza"句子為

Hamas confirmed that truce efforts were under way.

可否改成Hamas confirmed truce efforts were under way ?

3.But a Hamas official told the AFP news agency that a political agreement must be reached before a ceasefire could take effect.

其中的"that"代表什麼?他算是關係代名詞嗎?

4.In 2012 Egypt's then-President Mohammed Morsi brokered a ceasefire between Hamas and Israel, using the influence his Muslim Brotherhood held with the Palestinian group.

其中using 為何是現在分詞?可否換成use就好?

5.能否講解"of"的用法?是否有限定"名詞 of 名詞" 或者" 形容詞 of 形容詞"等等文法限制? 也請提出幾個範例,因為我真的不是很有概念,謝謝

已更新項目:

謝謝回答,想再請問一下,英文的五大句型是那些?若撇除口語而言,是不是只存在這五大句型?謝謝!

2 個解答

評分
  • 5 年前
    最佳解答

    1. The initiative urges a ceasefire starting imminently (which is) followed by a series of meetings in Cairo with high-level delegations from both sides.

    不是被動句,因主動詞是urges。

    be動詞藏在括號裡,which is可省略,所以看不見。

    如果寫 which is followed by...就叫做形容詞子句

    如果寫 (which is省略) followed by...就叫做形容詞片語(而且是分詞片語)

    2. Hamas, the faction that controls Gaza, confirmed that truce efforts were under way.

    對!二個逗點中間的所有字都只是形容詞,可以整串拿掉,更容易理解。

    所以這一句只剩下:Hamas confirmed that truce efforts were under way.

    如果您還想要把that省略掉,我查了一下文法,confirm後面的that也是可以省略的,所以您是對的。

    3. But a Hamas official told the AFP news agency that a political agreement must be reached before a ceasefire could take effect.

    這句是五大句型中的授與動詞類型,公式: S + Vt + IO + DO

    主詞 + 及物動詞 + 間接受詞 + 直接受詞

    例如: 他給我一支筆,"他"就是主詞,"給"就是及物動詞,"我"就是間接受詞,"一支筆"就是直接受詞

    本句話中,that+...後面的一長串整個都是間接受詞,that在此就是關係代名詞沒錯。

    4. In 2012 Egypt's then-President Mohammed Morsi brokered a ceasefire between Hamas and Israel, using the influence his Muslim Brotherhood held with the Palestinian group.

    在英文裡面,一個句子永遠都只有一個動詞,本句的主要動詞是brokered,後面的using 是 (by) using 把 by 省略掉了,所以不能換成use。

    5. 關於of,是有限定 "名詞 of 名詞" 沒錯。例如:one of my friends。

  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    5 年前

    -----Israel, using -------其中 using 前用逗號形成分詞片語當副詞用,修飾其前主要子句

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