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姿慧 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 6 年前

英文文法 Whatever 和 Mo matter what

我知道 Whatever = No matter what

However = No matter how

Whenever = No matter when

( 依此類推 )

我的問題是

什麼時候才能通用

什麼時候不能通用 差別在哪裡

已更新項目:

所以 不論 However 還是 Whatever 之類的都是這樣嗎 ?

2 個已更新項目:

我的問題是 However 和 No matter how 的差別哦 !

1 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    6 年前
    最佳解答

    No matter what you say, I won't believe you.

    = Whatever you say, I won't believe you.

    Phone me when you arrive, no matter how late it is.

    = Phone me when you arrive, however late it is.

    含有whoever, whatever, 和whatever的附屬子句可以當句子的「主詞」或「受詞」,但no matter who/what/which的附屬子句不能這樣用。因為前者是「帶先行詞的複合關係代名詞」,帶出的是「名詞子句」,所以可以當「主詞」或「受詞」;而後者是「從屬片語連接詞」,帶出的是副詞性質的「修飾語」。

    即I'll believe whatever you say.(名詞子句當受詞)不能說成I'll believe no matter what you say.(動詞believe缺受詞)

    No matter how hard it may be, you have to learn it.

    = You have to learn it, however hard it may be.這裡的however屬於「複合關係副詞」,帶出的也是副詞性質的「修飾語」。

    No matter who/what等詞語也可用在句尾,而沒有動詞:

    I'll always loves you, no matter what.

    = I'll always love you, no matter what happens.

    2014-08-11 11:28:00 補充:

    在當「主詞」或「受詞」時,

    whoever = any one who

    whatever = anything that

    whichever = anything which

    而不是no matter who/what/which。

    2014-08-11 11:30:43 補充:

    however還有別的用法:

    It may be possible or not; however, we shall see.(連接副詞,維持對等的關係)

    2014-08-11 17:34:43 補充:

    看不懂你補充的問題要問什麼?

    however

    whenever

    wherever

    上面這些字的詞性不同於下面這些:

    whatever

    whichever

    whoever

    whomever

    2014-08-13 12:28:45 補充:

    no mater how + adj./adv. +子句 = however + adj./adv.+子句

    帶出的子句都是副詞性質的修飾語(副詞子句)

    參考資料: 牛津英語用法指南pp.541-542
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