FARIMA
Lv 5
FARIMA 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 5 年前

英文文法be to v

The purpose of the activity ___ get the students to work more closely together.

(1)gotten (2)should get (3)to get (4)will get

答:(3)

be to V 似乎是未來式,怎麼從句子判斷要選(3),其他三個選項怎麼解釋?

已更新項目:

更正題目:The purpose of the activity is ___ get the students to work more closely together.

(1)gotten (2)should get (3)to get (4)will get

4 個解答

評分
  • 5 年前
    最佳解答

    The purpose of the activity is to get the students to work more closely together.

    這是簡單的 主詞 + be + 主詞補語 的句型。

    翻譯:本活動目的是要促使學生工作合作更緊密。

    主詞 The purpose

    be 動詞

    主詞補語 to get the students to work...

    文法上叫做 不定詞 當名詞,當主詞 purpose 的補語

    你說的 be to V 是別的範疇。 和上頭不同。

    譬如:

    1. She is to become a super star. 她勢必會成為超級明星。

    2. The mail is to arrive in 3 hours. 三小時內這郵件一定會到達。

    還有好些用法,但都和本題意涵不同。但看起來都像 be to V

  • 5 年前

    更正後,答案就很清楚。2、4 不用再浪費口舌。

    同意 John 的解釋。這裡是主詞補語,與所謂「未來式」的安排好的未來事件 be to 含意不同。

  • Louis
    Lv 7
    5 年前

    提問者應儘快更正題目和答案,以免誤導這些在幫你忙的朋友。

  • 5 年前

    你的題目應該是誤植了,或許是:

    The purpose of the activity ___ the students to work more closely together.

    (A) has gotten (B) should get (C) is to get (D) will get

    (A)不確定,不過如果是符合命題原則的題目,選項應該要有一致的testing target

    be to V 的確有"未來式"的功能

    ex. The train is to leave in five minutes.

    If the sun were to rise in the west, I'd marry you.

    Who is to blame for the accident?

    不過,這題用另一個說法也可以,即,to V 隱含有"未做"的意思(無論不定詞是當形容詞,名詞....)

    ex. A nurse's job is to take care of the patients.

    Did you forget to call Ted again?

    The best time to go to Kenting is summer.

    所以 I like reading. 跟 I like to read. 語意其實不太一樣。(雖然以前在學不定詞及動名詞時都說 Seeing is believing.= To see is to believe.)

    like to V 比較有強調"(要) 開始"的感覺,like +Ving 就是把 Ving當成"一個活動"

    ex. Some people like to sleep late while others like to wake up early. 這一句,我不會寫成 Some people like sleeping late while others like waking up early.

    而且,你想想,為什麼我們都只會說 I'd like to have a cup of coffee. 而不會說 I'd like having a cup of coffee.呢?

    這句是說,這個活動的目的"是要"讓彼此合作更緊密。

    參考資料: 自己
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