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英文對於修飾的疑問

He squandered the inheritance that his father had left him within five years.

within five years.

that子句,看起來應該是關代

但是within five years 卻接在最後面,難免有時不太明白,它到底是修飾

He squandered the inheritance

還是 his father had left him.

7 個解答

評分
  • 6 年前
    最佳解答

    根據這句的文意:

    他在五年內揮霍盡他父親留給他的遺產

    所以

    "within five years" 是修飾 "He squandered the inheritance"

    (在五年內花盡遺產)

    "that his father had left him" 是關代沒錯修飾關代前的 "inheritance"

    (他父親留給他的遺產)

    2014-08-29 01:23:11 補充:

    所以以上證明了前後文的重要性

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  • 6 年前
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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    6 年前

    He squandered the inheritance that his father had left him within five years.

    宜寫作:He squandered within five years the inheritance that his father had left him.

    within five years放在had left him後面會造成誤會,讓人以為是它的修飾語,所以要移到它真正修飾的squandered後面,才清楚。

    2014-08-29 09:00:44 補充:

    DSG大師的改法有問題,因為the money不知究竟是那一筆錢(the = that),而我在這座賭場贏的是什麼(因為won後面無受詞,where是關係副詞)郤未交待。

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  • 6 年前

    I lost the money in this casino where I won.

    This way might clear the confusing.

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  • 6 年前

    "In this casino, I lost the money I won."

    我是遺失了錢,還是賭輸了錢 就更不明不白了!

    貝斯小姐 不解釋清楚,可不能放她走呀!!!

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  • 6 年前

    感謝Beth的意見,解釋了我的疑惑。

    2014-08-29 00:54:41 補充:

    In this casino, I lost the money which I won.

    which (O.) 省略

    2014-08-31 09:31:57 補充:

    感謝各位的解說,我已經完全了解。

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  • Beth
    Lv 7
    6 年前

    豆漿第一句講出了重點: "根據這句的文意".

    事實上這樣的修飾語有時候並不是這麼容易看出來被修飾的對象, 所以在寫作時, 為了避免讀者誤會, 要盡量避免這種情形, 而把修飾語移到適當的位置. 比如:

    I lost the money I won in this casino.

    這句就很不清不楚.

    2014-08-28 22:05:30 補充:

    究竟是 I lost the money in this casino. 還是 I won the money in this casino and then I lost it.

    除非有上下文, 否則只有作者知道他要表達的是什麼.

    如果改成, In this casino, I lost the money I won. 就很清楚知道是前者.

    2014-08-29 01:05:22 補充:

    In this casino, I lost the money which I won.

    這裡的which I won 是修飾 the money沒錯, 但是沒有說是從這個 casino 贏來的, 也可能是從其他地方贏來的. (當然也可能就是從這個 casino贏來的)

    也就是說, In this casino 修飾的僅是 I lost the money.

    2014-08-30 02:20:29 補充:

    我會這樣改:

    He squandered the inheritance within five years which his father had left him.

    聽起來比較順.

    within five years 放在 動詞和受詞中間有點怪.

    2014-08-30 03:20:55 補充:

    He within five years squandered the inheritance which his father had left him.

    也 ok.

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