匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 6 年前

be to vr將要....的用法

想請問關於be to vr的用法

只能用在人身上嗎??

物呢?

可以說

It's to take a few minutes.這樣嗎??

1 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    6 年前
    最佳解答

    be + 動詞不定式

    在正式文體,這種結構可以用來談論計畫和安排,是未來式的相等語。其中的動詞不定式如果為完成式時,有時則表示計畫中的事沒有實現。

    The President is to visit Nigeria next month.

    We are to get a 10 per cent wage rise in June.

    I felt nervous because I was soon to leave home for the first time.

    I was to have started work last week, but I changed my mind.(過去的計畫未實現)

    We are to have an examination tomorrow.

    She is to be here by ten o'clock.

    They are to meet at the station.

    He is to go. = He has to go.

    be about +動詞不定詞

    用以表示最近的將來

    The train is about to start.

    The plane was about to take off.

    但沒見過It's to take a few minutes.這種說法

    應是說成: (Probably) it will take a few minutes.

    因為這是我們對某件事將來需要花費多少時間的「估計」。

    參考資料: 柯旗化《新英文法》;牛津英語用法指南。
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