介文 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 5 年前

求英文超強高手 翻譯這2段

日本的雛祭是從中國傳去的:3 月上巳之時到水邊清洗身上不潔之物,借水的靈

力驅除邪惡和不祥之氣,因為在那時一般人都認為上巳這天是災禍的日子,為了 消除附在身上的厄運及污穢之物以確保平安。這種活動稱「褉」。後來才把三月

三日作為上巳節固定下來,這大約起源於周代,在中國宋代以前是個很受重視的

節日,魏以前稱為上巳。宋代之後,上巳節已近消失在中國;但在日本就不一樣 了,三月三日是日本五大傳統節日之一(農曆一月八日、三月三日上巳、五月五

日端午、七月七日七夕、九月九日重陽),節日風俗延續至今,與其他傳統節日

一樣,三月三日在明治維新以前指陰曆,後多改指陽曆。從名稱上看,日本也稱

三月三或三月上巳,同時也稱女兒節、雛祭,反映出日本的節日文化特點。

雛祭的主要意義為袚褉,即是用雛具偶人帶走身上的災難和不祥。做為祭具的偶

人一般稱為雛人形,經歷了土偶、木偶、草雛、紙雛、布雛等所用材料的變遷,

在形式上則歷經了“流雛’’的習俗,即用紙扎成偶人,將病痛、災難等惡魂與擺放

家中的“飾雛’’之變遷和並存現象。通常都會在三月三日的傍晚舉行,把各式各樣

的偶人娃娃隨著供品漂流到河裡去,祈求更健康平安,後來因為技術的發達,自

製的紙偶人也就成為平安時代上流階級女孩子拿在手上玩的玩具了。

拜託各位高手 幫我翻譯 因為我要報告給外國人聽

已更新項目:

傳統純手工~

....可以要求再翻第2段嗎?

1 個解答

評分
  • 5 年前
    最佳解答

    日本節日中翻英日本的雛祭是從中國傳去的:3 月上巳之時到水邊清洗身上不潔之物,借水的靈力驅除邪惡和不祥之氣,因為在那時一般人都認為上巳這天是災禍的日子,為了消除附在身上的厄運及污穢之物以確保平安。這種活動稱「褉」。後來才把三月三日作為上巳節固定下來,這大約起源於周代,在中國宋代以前是個很受重視的節日,魏以前稱為上巳。宋代之後,上巳節已近消失在中國;但在日本就不一樣 了,三月三日是日本五大傳統節日之一(農曆一月八日、三月三日上巳、五月五日端午、七月七日七夕、九月九日重陽),節日風俗延續至今,與其他傳統節日一樣,三月三日在明治維新以前指陰曆,後多改指陽曆。從名稱上看,日本也稱三月三或三月上巳,同時也稱女兒節、雛祭,反映出日本的節日文化特點。Japan's Hinamatsuri is originated from China: On the earlier period during 01:00 - 03:00, people walk nearby water sides to purge unclean spirit by the spiritual power of water to repel evil and ominous atmosphere, because at that time most people thought Shangsi (the earlier period during 01:00 - 03:00) to be a disterous day. It was meant to remove bad luck and nasty things attached to bodies with peace ensured. This activity is known as "Xie." Thereafter, March 3rd was then titled as the Shangsi Day and it disappeared roughly in the Zhou Dynasty. This festival day used to be highly premiumed before the Song Dynasty in China. During the period before the Wei Dynasty, it was called the Shangsi Day. But after the Song Dynasty, the Shangsi Day had disappeared in China. However, the situation in Japan was quite different. The festival day on March 3 is one of five important traditional festival days in Japan (Lunar New Year on January 8, Shangsi Day on March 3, Dragon Boat Festival on May 5, Tanabata July 7, Chongyang September 9) continuing to today. Like other traditional festivals, before Meiji Restoration, March 3 referred to the lunar calendar, but thereafter, changed to the Gregorian calendar. Judging from the festival names, in Japan, the March 3 Festival is also known as March Shangsi, Daughter's Day, and Hinamatsuri to reflect the cultural characteristics of Japanese festivals.

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