林於是 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 5 年前

翻譯這篇SPAR文章

SPAR is an event in forensic competitions around the country. In this one-on-one structured debate, students have to frame an argument in one minute and then react quickly to their opponents’ ideas. This strategy helps students practice using evidence and examples to defend a position. Because students are not given much preparation time, SPAR is most effective when students already have background information about the topic. So, in Kudos class, the teacher will demonstrate by writing a topic on the board, have an interactive discussion with the class, the teacher write down the Pros and Cons points of view proposed by the students before a debate starts in the first class.

SPAR is an introductory exercise to debate, using a slightly simpler structure. With practice, students become increasingly comfortable and proficient using this method to unearth the pro and con sides of controversial topics.

Procedure

Step one: Preparation, teacher writes the topic on the board

Step two: Brainstorm arguments

Give students 1-2 minutes to write down their arguments and evidence for or against the proposition.

Step three: Opening statements

Pro-students present a 1-minute opening statement making their case. Then, the Con-students present a 1-minute opening statement.

Step four: Crossfire

The two students engage in a 3 minute crossfire during which they may question their opponent’s reasoning or examples or put forth new ones of their own.

Step five: Closing statements

Each side gives a one-minute closing statement.

WHY DO SPAR DEBATE? (benefits gained by the students by participating in Kudos SPAR classes)

SPAR stands for Spontaneous Argumentation. SPAR is a unique Debate activity that allows students to:

-Build confidence while engaging in public speaking

- Make arguments for and against a topic

- Ask questions about the arguments presented during a debate

- Refute arguments during a debate

- Judge the strengths of arguments presented during a debate

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  • 5 年前
    最佳解答

    法醫學競賽英翻中SPAR is an event in forensic competitions around the country. In this one-on-one structured debate, students have to frame an argument in one minute and then react quickly to their opponents’ ideas. This strategy helps students practice using evidence and examples to defend a position. Because students are not given much preparation time, SPAR is most effective when students already have background information about the topic. So, in Kudos class, the teacher will demonstrate by writing a topic on the board, have an interactive discussion with the class, the teacher write down the Pros and Cons points of view proposed by the students before a debate starts in the first class. SPAR是全國各地進行的法醫學競賽,在這種一對一的結構性辯論會中,學生需在一分鐘內架構出議題並快速回覆對方的看法。此方法有助於訓練學生使用證據和實例來保護自己的論證立場。因為學生沒有太多的準備時間,當學生已具備有該主題相關的資訊時,SPAR是最有效的討論方法。所以,在Kudos課程中,教師在黑板上寫出討論主題,讓班級進行互動討論,在第一堂課的辯論前,教先在黑板上寫出學生的正反看法。

    SPAR is an introductory exercise to debate, using a slightly simpler structure. With practice, students become increasingly comfortable and proficient using this method to unearth the pro and con sides of controversial topics.

    SAPR是藉由更簡單的課程結構,導引進行辯論。藉由練習,學生對使用此方法感到更自在和熟練,已發掘此爭議主題上的正反看法。

    WHY DO SPAR DEBATE? (benefits gained by the students by participating in Kudos SPAR classes)

    SPAR stands for Spontaneous Argumentation. SPAR is a unique Debate activity that allows students to:

    -Build confidence while engaging in public speaking

    - Make arguments for and against a topic

    - Ask questions about the arguments presented during a debate

    - Refute arguments during a debate

    - Judge the strengths of arguments presented during a debate為何使用SPAR進行辯論? (讓學生參見Kudos課程而受益)

    SPAR意指自發性論證,SPAR獨特的辯論活動可讓學生:

    - 建立公開演說上的想信心

    - 進行正反兩面的論證

    - 在辯論中對所提的論證提問

    - 在辯論中反駁論證

    - 在辯論中判斷論證強度

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  • 匿名使用者
    5 年前

    這網址裡面有寫

    http://qoozoo20140926.pixnet.net/

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