英文解題--求救英文

想在此向大家請教幾題文法疑問

1.( ) Three straight weeks of rain, the Ryan River overflowed its banks and flooded the surrounding area to a depth of six inches.

(A) Followed

(B) Being followed

(C) To be followed

(D) Following

請問何以答案是D 呢?

2. 分詞構句句型一

Because I have been asked to his birthday party, I cannot help decling your invitation.= (Having been) asked to his birthday party, I cannot help declining your invitation.

分詞構句句型二

After I had seen the doctor, I felt much better. = After having seen the doctor, I felt much better.

請問,為何句型一的情況,將連接詞Because刪除,而句型二的情況,則仍將從屬連接詞After保留呢?

3 One of the sisters decided her life to teaching poor children in third world country, and ( ) pursed her dream of a career in theater.

A. other

B. the other

請問為何答案是B,而不能選A。 加定冠詞的差異在哪裡?

謝謝您~

1 個解答

評分
  • 6 年前
    最佳解答

    問題很有深度喔~!!

    分詞構句很常用於連接兩句子, 當兩句子主詞一樣時可刪除主詞和連接詞等

    1.因為是人"主動"去注意 根據這三禮拜的雨讓Ryan River 淹水了

    23. 有關連接詞的部分: and, because, so 有些無意義語意詞(或是刪除了也不會影響語意) 這些可以留下

    但像after before (尤其是強調先後順序時) 都常會保留,才不會影響語意

    *其實第二句After having seen the doctor, I felt much better.

    After可以省略喔!(甚至省略了比較精簡) 因為完成事已經有表先後順序了!

    兩件事情先發生的分購可以用現在完成式 ex:

    John has witnessed the wars in the area, and he never feels scared.

    =After witnessing the wars in the area, John never feels scared

    =Having witnessed the wars in the area, John never feels scared.

    *分詞構句中通常更改"較不重要(or較不強調)"的句子

    Ex: Martin saw a rat, and he screamed out loud.

    ----重點在於 "screamed out loud, 故這樣改:

    Seeing a rat, Martin screamed out loud.

    3.One of the sisters decided her life to teaching poor children in third world country, and ( ) pursed her dream of a career in theater.

    *the---限定 ex: The man in black (那位穿黑色衣服的男士)

    故若加了定冠詞"the" 表示有限定範圍

    題目已經說 One of the sisters 代表就是這兩個姊妹中呢, 一個決定.... 另一個

    *another / the other

    ex: I don't like the watch, Please give me another one. (沒限定範圍)

    ex There are two boys in the classroom. One is silent; nevertheless, the other is active (兩個在教室內的男孩中, 一個很安靜, 但另一個很活躍)

    希望這能夠給予幫助^_^

    參考資料: 自己^_^
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