Shuling 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 5 年前

兩句國貿英文,請求這兩句中所出現的文法

1.We would be grateful if you would allow us an extension of three months to pay the invoice.

2.The goods you inquired about are sold out, but we can offer you a substitute.

就是這兩句,請問各位這兩句中有出現哪些的文法。

拜託各位,謝謝各位。

2 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    5 年前
    最佳解答

    1.We would be grateful if you would allow us an extension of three months to pay the invoice.

    complex sentence

    主要子句+副詞子句

    主要子句的結構是:主詞+不完全不及物動詞+主詞補語

    副詞子句的動詞:to allow somebody something (動詞+間接受詞+直接受詞)

    2.The goods you inquired about are sold out, but we can offer you a substitute.

    compound complex sentence

    對等連接詞but連接前後兩組內容同樣重要的主要子句。

    前面的主句裡有一個用來修飾主詞goods的「修飾語」(形容詞子句),關係代名詞that省略,所以我們只看到you inquired about,當about受詞的關係代名詞不見了。主句動詞是被動態。

    後面的主句的動詞offer有間接受詞you及直接受詞a substitute。

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  • 5 年前

    Eng.grammar appearing:-

    (1)We would be grateful---------SV

    ---if you would allow us----------co-ordinate clause with conjunction if and O

    ---(an extension of three months)--------------phrase

    ---(to pay the invoice)----------clause to the phrase

    (2)The goods ---------S

    ----(which)(you inquired about)--------adjective clause

    ----are sold out----------V

    ----but,-------conj(=however)

    -----we can offer--------SV (=co-ordinate cl.)

    -----(for you)-----phrase

    -----a substitute---------O

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