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ElephantBehavior第一段:Youngelephants are raised within a matriarchal family, beginning with their motherand then including sisters, cousins, aunts, grandmothers, and friends.Thesebonds endure over a lifetime that can be aslong as 70 years.Youngelephants stay close to their mothers and extendedfamily members―males until theyabout 14, females for life. Accordingto Daphne Sheldrick, founder and director of an elephant orphanage in Kenya forover 30 years,“ whenever we get a newbaby here, the others will come around and lovingly put their trunks on itsback to comfort it.They have such big hearts.”第二段:A complex communication system helps the elephantsstay connected.Elephantsexpress emotions using their trunk, ears, head, and tail.Whenthey need to communicate over longer distance, they use powerful low-frequency,rumbling calls that can be heard by others more than a mile away.第三段:Aftera death, family members show signs of grief.Fieldbiologists such as Joyce Poole, who has studied Africa’s elephants for morethan 35 years, describe elephants trying to lift the dead body and covering itwith dirt and brush. Pooleonce watched a female stand guard over her stillborn baby for three days, herhead, ears, and trunk hanging in grief.Elephantsmay revisit the bones of the deceased formonths, even years, touching them with their trunks and creating paths to visitthe carcass.第四段:“ Elephants are veryhuman animals,” says Sheldrick.“ Theirs emotions areexactly the same as ours.”Studies show that elephant brains are verysimilar to those in humans in the way they processemotions.The elephant brain also has a large quantityof spindle cells, which are thought to be related toempathy and social awareness in humans.Elephantshave even passed the mirror test of self-recognition, something only humans,and some great apes and dolphins, had been known to do.

1 個解答

  • 5 年前

    小象在母系家庭中長大,始於其母親,然後是姐妹、表兄弟姐妹、姑姨、祖母和朋友等。這些情誼持續終身可長達70年,小象與母親彼此密切關係,並擴展到雄性的家人成員,直到約14歲為止,與雌性的關係可持續終身。根據擔任肯亞大象孤兒院主管和創立者Daphne Sheldrick說:「每當我們養育了新的大象寶寶,就有其他的大象靠近身邊,將象鼻放在小象的背上安慰它,非常體貼!」。


    第三段:在大象死亡後,家庭成員會出現悲傷的跡象,像是Joyce Poole田野調查生物學家研究非洲大象超過35年,說明大象會企圖抬起大象的屍體,使用塵土和灌木覆蓋。P哦哦了曾經看過一頭雌象自己剛出生已死的小象長達3天,悲傷地舉起象鼻。大象可能持續數個月都會回來看完已死的象骨,甚至長度數年之久,使用象鼻觸摸象骨,開除可探望屍骨的路徑。


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