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JUDY 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 6 年前

分詞構成完整句子的規則 20點.

分詞構成完整句子的規則 20點. 發問者: JUDY ( 初學者 5 級 )

any company ___ this individual employment has my most enthusiastic recommendation

1.considered 2.considering 3.considers

書上解析說選1和3就變成一個完整句,後面要加that [連接詞和五大句型我懂了]

但對於用1.3就變成完整句一直不懂到底是什麼規則??

像隨便一句

customers who already own a licensed software are automatically qualified to upgrade to the latest one for free

我知道因為被動所以用qualified,但這不就違背書上的規則,已經變成完整句子了要加連接詞??

3 個解答

評分
  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    6 年前
    最佳解答

    首先指出,這兩句中並無連接詞的存在, 但都與關係子句有關。

    Any company ___ this individual employment has my most enthusiastic

    recommendation

    1.considered 2.considering 3.considers

    正解: 2.considering

    1.considered : 缺關代,應改為that considered 形成關係子句形式。

    2.considering : 關係子句的「關代+動詞」減化為分詞片語修飾company,正解.

    3.considers : 缺關代,應改為that considers 形成關係子句形式。

    1和3時態不同文法都正確,各表示「考慮過」或「考慮」的語意差別而已。

    Customers who already own a licensed software are automatically

    qualified to upgrade to the latest one for free.

    畫底線部份是關係子句可先隔離不看,其餘部分是完整的主句。

    加入關係子句是要作限定,表示只限於這類顧客適用。

    減化為分詞變與寫法:

    Customers already owning a licensed software are automatically

    qualified to upgrade to the latest one for free.

    意思相同。

    2014-12-25 17:48:13 補充:

    considering, concerning, regarding,...等分詞確有介系詞的功能與用法,但樓主發問的本局中,considering是ㄧ個動作,絕不可當成介系詞來看。

    參考資料: 羅莉 - 英文文法
  • ?
    Lv 7
    6 年前

    Any company considering this individual employment has my most enthusiastic recommendation. (X)

    Any company considering this individual FOR employment WILL HAVE my most enthusiastic recommendation. (O)

    2014-12-25 02:45:46 補充:

    Customers who already own a licensed software are automatically qualified to upgrade to the latest one for free. (X)

    Customers who already own a licensed software are automatically qualified FOR A free upgrade to the latest one. (O)

    2014-12-25 02:55:27 補充:

    Qualified to 舆 qualified for还是有點差别的

    前者多用在competent, skillful, or knowledgeable enough to...

    後者多用在eligibility for benefits or privileges

  • ?
    Lv 7
    6 年前

    1.為了這一題將運動時間向後延,因為關念錯了影響大了Considering 在此處當介詞用,是分詞蛻化而來,統稱為(marginal preposition 邊緣介繫詞),其與分詞大異其趣,且與先行詞無關,所以易混淆,雖然二者均當後置形容詞用,類似例子供參考He wants to ask a question concerning this point.Considering this situation, you have to make the decision.2.句子結構剖析:Customers(S主詞) who already own a Licensed Software (關係子句當形容詞修飾先行詞Customers)are automatically qualified to(動詞片語) upgrade to the latest one for free

    2014-12-24 15:59:12 補充:

    介繫詞、連接詞、連繫動詞(LINKING VERB)等功能均是將前後子句、片語、單字做一連結

    2015-01-03 23:38:58 補充:

    Considering 若是動詞,就當分詞用,與本題不符

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