張鎮哥 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 5 年前

請問~兩個that在句子裡的作用

有一句英文The farmer then had a feeling that the pears that had been given to the crowd were in fact his pears~

這裡面有兩個 that,請問這兩個that在句子裡的作用及中文的解釋如何?拜託!拜託!

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LionEnglish 知識長您好~

首先感謝您詳細的解答

依您的解釋~第一個 that 是不是指後面那一件事。第二個 that 是不是指那些梨子。

拜託您回答~好嗎~

1 個解答

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  • 5 年前
    最佳解答

    第一個 that 是連接詞。第二個 that 是關係代名詞。

    The farmer then had a feeling that the pears that had been given to the crowd were in fact his pears.

    這位農夫當時有個感覺。 什麼感覺呢? 就是 that 引導的整個子句:「給群眾的梨確實是他的梨」 the pears that had been given to the crowd were in fact his pears ,所以 that 在這裡的功用是連接詞引導名詞子句當 feeling 的同位語。

    而名詞子句裡也有一個 that,這個就比較簡單了,你看 that 後面直接接動詞過去完成式 had been given,可見 that 當主詞,那它必然有代名詞性質:

    the pears that had been given to the crowd were in fact his pears

    這裡主要子句是 the pears were in fact his pears. 。夾在中間的 that had been given to the crowd 的 that 就是 the pears,這 pears 就是 that 的先行詞,而 that 本身稱為關係代名詞,引導形容詞子句,修飾先行詞 pears。

    2015-01-04 22:55:50 補充:

    整句意思是:這位農夫當時有個感覺,就是那些已經給了群眾的梨確實是他的梨。

    2015-01-05 06:45:24 補充:

    就英語來說,第一個 that 並沒有意思,只是單純的連接功能而已,並不是「指」後面那件事,而是必須有 that 才能「連接」 The farmer had a feeling 和那件事,讓聽話的人知道後面那件事就是這個 farmer 的 felling。

    但第二個 that 就真的是「指」那些梨子,它代表 the pears,所以才是「代」名詞。

    2015-01-05 06:58:13 補充:

    上面補充第一段最後,錯字更正: felling --> felling。

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