promotion image of download ymail app
Promoted
Rubbish 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 5 年前

想請教英文使役動詞的用法

問題一:

People there_____ the grasshoppers and scorpions roasted, fried, and spiced.

(A) make (B ) let (C) allow (D) have

A和D不是都有使的意思嗎?為什麼只能選D不能選A?

問題二:

make / have + O (自己不會動作) + p.p / not p.p

let + O (自己不會動作) + be p.p / not be p.p

如果是其他像是allow、permit、want之類的動詞,後面一樣接 O (自己不會動作) ,那是接to be p.p、be p.p 還是p.p?

已更新項目:

感謝Louis大師的回答!

所以問題一的句子不能選have的原因是如同prisoner26535大師所說的,因為解釋成"吃",還是有其他原因呢?不然make和have在這不都屬於使役動詞嗎?"讓、使"蟲蟲被又烤又炸又塗香料?

問題二我換個方式問,撇去make, let, have, get這四個使役動詞還有see, hear, listen to這類知覺動詞不談,針對表強迫、要求、慫恿意思的不完全及物動詞,大都是屬於V + O(自己會做動作) + to V 和 V+ O(自己不會動作) + to be P.P 嗎?

2 個已更新項目:

※ 強迫類:force、push等

要求類: want、ask、require等

慫恿類:seduece、persuade等

3 個已更新項目:

感謝Louis大師的補充!

如果下面兩句都可以

People there make their cooks roast, fry, and spice the grasshoppers and scorpions.

People there have their cooks roast, fry, and spice the grasshoppers and scorpions.

4 個已更新項目:

那轉換成過去分詞

People there make the grasshoppers and scorpions roasted, fried, and spiced.

People there have the grasshoppers and scorpions roasted, fried, and spiced.

不是應該也成立,所以上面選項AD都可選嗎˙˙

2 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    5 年前
    最佳解答

    使役動詞(causative verbs)的句型是:

    V + O + OC

    OC為bare infinitive(這是使役動詞的特色,其它的動詞是用有to的不定詞)

    只有have動詞的OC有三種可能:(1) bare infinitive; (2) present participle; (3) past participle

    I had my son clean up his room.(bare infinitive)

    I won't have my son going out at night. (present participle)

    I had my laptop repaired. (past participle)

    I made myself understood in English.

    這句的made不屬使役動詞用法,因為不是「讓、使、叫某人去做xxx」的意思。受詞是我自己,不是別人。「使役」顧名思義是「令別人為你服勞役」也。

    使役動詞有make, let, have, get等(但get是例外,須用有to的不定詞當受詞補語)。

    但及物動詞allow, permit, want等不屬於使役動詞。

    它們的受詞補語用不定詞時,必須加上不定詞的標記to。

    如:I cannot allow you to behave like that.

    Father doesn't allow us to go to parties.

    What do you want me to do?

    使用無to的不定詞當受詞補語是「使役動詞」的特色,所以文法書才把它們整理出來,加以命名。「使役動詞」是「不完全及物動詞」,但無to的規則並不適用在所有的「不完全及物動詞」之上。

    2015-01-14 11:09:27 補充:

    We can't have strangers wandering about the place.

    這裡的have不屬使役動詞用法,因為不是我們使這件事發生的狀況,而是「不容許」。

    2015-01-19 10:47:17 補充:

    對不起,我先前的說明不正確。

    allow, permit, want是使役動詞,只是它們的受詞補語為不定詞時,必須加to。

    我應該這樣解釋才對:

    顧名思義,使役動詞(causative verbs)包括所有表示「讓、使、叫某人做xxx」意思的動詞。其句型是S+V+O+OC,在OC用不定詞時,通常是帶有to的不定詞。

    但make, let, have, bid這些使役動詞的OC需使用bare infinitive(無to的不定詞)。

    2015-01-19 10:54:32 補充:

    People there have the grasshoppers and scorpions roasted, fried, and spiced.

    = People there have their cooks roast, fry, and spice the grasshoppers and scorpions.

    因為前一句將做這些工作的人(cooks)省略了,所以受詞補語用了過去分詞(表示被動)。

    2015-01-19 10:58:44 補充:

    因此這句裡的have=/=吃(完全及及物動詞),而是「要求」(不完全及物動詞)。

    2015-01-19 11:07:41 補充:

    People there allow their cooks to roast, fry, and spice the grasshoppers and scorpions.

    People there make their cooks roast, fry, and spice the grasshoppers and scorpions.

    People there let their cooks roast, fry, and spice the grasshoppers and scorpions.

    2015-01-19 11:09:40 補充:

    People there have their cooks roast, fry, and spice the grasshoppers and scorpions.

    這四句都是對的,只是後面的三句要用bare infinitive當受詞補語,但第一句要有有to的不定詞。

    2015-01-19 11:16:03 補充:

    所以在看使役動詞的句型時,我們要注意「動詞」和「受詞」與「受詞補語」的邏輯關係。「受詞」是被指派去做某件事的人嗎?

    奇摩的系統最近可能出了問題,所以未收到「你的後續提問」通知。

    2015-01-22 16:48:05 補充:

    People there make the grasshoppers and scorpions roasted, fried, and spiced.

    make無法如此使用,上句不通。

    People there have the grasshoppers and scorpions roasted, fried, and spiced.

    have可以如此使用。

    You can have you car fixed (by somebody).正確。

    But you cannot make your car fixed.

    2015-01-22 16:50:53 補充:

    Mama made him clean up the plate.

    He was made to clean up the plate.

    但不能寫成:Mama made the plate cleaned up.

    2015-01-22 17:44:25 補充:

    依照柯旗化《新英文法》p.229範例,只有have/get可以用在你的句子上:

    People there have the xxx ....

    People there get the xxx ...

    2015-01-22 17:51:40 補充:

    即:

    People there have the xxx roasted.

    People there get the xxx roasted.

    2015-01-22 17:55:19 補充:

    字典上查make的用法,受詞補語為過去分詞時,只看到:

    I made myself understood in English.

    用反身代名詞(人)當受詞

    They made me surprised.

    受詞也是人。

    • Commenter avatar登入以對解答發表意見
  • 5 年前

    > 問題一:A和D不是都有使的意思嗎?為什麼只能選D不能選A?

    (D) have 在這裡是 "吃"的意思啦!

    • Commenter avatar登入以對解答發表意見
還有問題?馬上發問,尋求解答。