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長鑫 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 5 年前

英文 文法(15點)

do/does句型是甚麼?

就是甚麼a+x+aux的那種

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禁止廣告!!!

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Dear夫:

本來補習班在教我就聽不懂了。

我也不知該怎麼解釋sor

2 個解答

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  • 5 年前
    最佳解答

    Auxiliary verb (grammar) is a verb such as be, do(Do)(does for 3rd person.) and have used with main verbs to show tense,moods etc.to form questions and negatives.

    Do can be a full verb or a special finite:-

    He does his job well. He did good job.What were you doing this days? The holiday did me good.What does he do for a living? He doesn't do anything.

    When do is a full verb it forms its interrogative and negative with the special finite do;as shown(does he do---doesn't do)

    As a special finite do is used:-

    (1) To form negative and interrogative of all verbs except have,need, dare.

    (2)For Question phrases with all verbs not special finite,eg:-

    You understand me, don't you?

    You didn't come here by train, did you?

    (3)To avoid repetition of a full verb,esp.in short answers,to make question-tags:-eg:-You live in Tainan, don't you?She doesn't work here, does she ?

    Do you understand that? Yes,I do. No, I don't.

    I like swimming, so does Mary.

    David doesn't like hard work, neither does John.

    Those wishing to go may do so.

    May I help myself to a Chinese dim-sum? Do, by all means.

    They said Peter wouldn't pass his Exam, but he did.

    (The last two examples show the emphatic use of do avoiding the repition of a verb)Avoid repeating=eg:-He plays better than he did a year ago. She works harder than he does. Who won the game ? I did.-I love apples. So did I. I don't want to go back. Neither do I

    (4)With the Imperative of verbs,eg:-

    Do come and see us. Do have some more of this Chinese dim-sum. Do stop that eating noise.-----a request.

    Do not(don't)(does) is always used before a full verb to make the negative imperative,eg:-I don't like sour fish. They didn't go to China.Don't forget to e-mail me or to write. Does she speak Hard-kar language ?

    Do not do that. Don't go till I tell you.don't be late.Never be cruel or unjust.(negative imperative)Do be careful when you cross the road.(affirmative imperative emotion)

    Need also used as an auxiliary verb follow by infinitive with to:-eg:-

    He doesn't need to go.

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  • 5 年前

    你好~~本人其實沒看過什麼a+x+aux~我只知道a是主詞~

    不過還是可以跟你解釋:):)

    do/does這種句型很簡單 你只要記住當句子裡有動詞時就有可能會用到~

    首先從疑問句開始 如果疑問句裡面有動詞就會用到do/does放在前方

    ex.你想喝些東西嗎?

    Do you want to drink something?

    這個句型裡want跟drink都是動詞,會在drink前加to是因為有個文法叫做"不定詞"跟"動名詞"(大約國二會學到,如果還沒學過的話沒關西~)

    反正do出現的目的就是要輔助動詞,就是want~ 舉個例:Are you tired?

    句中的are,也就是be動詞是可以在句子中按照句型變化而移動的詞性.

    但動詞就不行了~當動詞要轉換成疑問句型時就必須請人幫忙就是do/does

    由do/does當前 當句型是疑問句或一些直訴句(直訴句就是 I love you 這種有'主詞" "動詞" 還有"受詞"組合的最基本句型,缺一不可) do/does的詞性及為"助動詞"

    do/does不常當動詞用,不過還是會用到~

    我想大大要問的句型應該是這個,ex. I don't want to eat chicken.

    這時don't為do的否定式,而且詞性為助動詞

    重點來了!! 假如我今天要說的是 I want to eat chicken.你有沒有發現 這時do不見了?

    沒錯! do/does當動詞時出現機率並不高反而是當詞性為助動詞時就很常見

    在句子中當有動詞的句型有"否定"或是"疑問"時就需要do/does幫忙.

    希望幫得上你的忙:):):)

    參考資料: 國中認真讀英文的自己
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