g 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 5 年前

only in the past decade have s

only in the past decade have sun-bathers begun to understand the risk of skin cancer associated with excessive exposure to thhe sun's harmful rays.

associated 在此句的意思?

已更新項目:

請問其中的have是甚麼意思?

3 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    5 年前
    最佳解答

    associated with xxx = 與xxx有關連

    If something is associated with another, the two things are connected with each.

    2015-02-24 21:20:58 補充:

    Only in the past decade have sun-bathers begun to understand the risk of skin cancer associated with excessive exposure to the sun's harmful rays.

    =Sun-bathers have begun to understand the risk of skin cancer associated with excessive exposure to the sun's harmful rays.only in the past decade.

    2015-02-24 21:31:22 補充:

    have是幫主要動詞begin形成完成式時所使用的助動詞

    因為only in the past decade所修飾的述部較長,述部裡面又用了分詞片語associated with ....當限定性質的修飾語,為避免讀者誤判其修飾的對象是分詞片語,所以移到句子最前面。

    only 在當否定詞用時,會造成倒裝句序,所以have移到主詞sun-bathers之前。

    2015-02-24 21:34:03 補充:

    Only in case of emergency can you use this exit.

    例句請參見<朗文新英文法全集>p.421

    you can use > can you use

    2015-02-24 21:44:40 補充:

    Only in the past decade have sun-bathers begun to understand the risk of skin cancer (which is) associated with excessive exposure to the sun's harmful rays.

    最近十年,日光浴者才開始明白因曝曬過度而產生皮膚癌的這種風險。

    皮膚癌生成的原因很多,日光照射過度只是其中之一,日光浴者最近才知道這項危險。

    2015-02-25 10:23:39 補充:

    動詞associate的用法:

    1. If you associate someone or something with another thing, the two are connected in your mind.

    2. If you say that someone is associating with another person or group or people, you mean they are spending a lot of time in the company of people you do not approve of

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  • 5 年前

    ... the risk of skin cancer associates with ... (X)

    ... the risk of skin cancel associated with ... (O)

    2015-02-24 21:28:12 補充:

    別聽002胡說! associated with是對的!associates with 是錯誤的.

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  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    5 年前

    Qnly in the past decade have sun-bathers begun to understand the

    risk of skin cancer associates with excessive exposure to the sun's

    harmful rays.

    associated 在此句的意思?

    (Vi.) associate with xxx : 與xxx有關聯

    (Vt.) associate A with B : 把A和B聯繫在一起

    請問其中的have是甚麼意思?

    have與begun構成現在完成式,have本身沒有意思。

    這是倒裝句。以Only開頭的副詞片語置於句首時,句子要倒裝,亦即把助動詞have移到主詞前面。

    整句翻譯:

    只在近十年內太陽浴者才開始明白皮膚癌的風險與過度曝露於太陽的有害射線下有關聯。

    2015-02-24 17:46:01 補充:

    本句的associated應該改為現在式associates才對,已作訂正。

    參考資料: 羅莉 - 文法vs.語意
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