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匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 5 年前

英文文法動名詞的問題

He is very proud of his father's being rich.

有點看不懂, 句子中的his father's 的father's 怎麼解釋為中文? 是"爸爸的"嗎?

求解of 開始到最後的文法解析!

謝謝!

3 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    5 年前
    最佳解答

    He is very proud of being rich.

    =他以自己富有為傲。

    動名詞片語being rich當介系詞of的受詞。動名詞在邏輯上的主詞是句子的主詞he,英文不必標示出來。

    He is very proud of his father's being rich.

    =他以父親富有為傲。

    動名詞片語being rich當介系詞of的受詞。father's(名詞father的所有格)當動名詞being的修飾語。動名詞在邏輯上的主詞不是句子的主詞時,要用所有格的方式寫出來。

    但美語常寫成:He is very proud of his father being rich.這時being rich是分詞片語,當介系詞of受詞father的補語。

    2015-03-11 13:22:00 補充:

    動名詞在邏輯上的主詞是「物」時,不可寫成「所有格+動名詞」,而應寫成「受格+分詞」。

    主詞是人時:

    I can't stop his talking to the press.(動名詞)

    I can't stop him talking to the press.(分詞)

    主詞是物時:

    Peter stopped the vehicles crashing into the fences.(分詞)

    Peter stopped them crashing into the fences.

    2015-03-19 13:08:47 補充:

    He is very proud of (his) being rich.因為是和主詞相同,所以省去his

    He is very proud of your being rich.富有的是你,不是he,就不能省

    He is very proud of their being rich.

    He is very proud of our being rich.

    He is very proud of my being rich.

    He is very proud of his father's being rich.

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  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    5 年前

    He is very proud of his father's being rich. 這種所有格後加動名詞being,用法很牽強,不如改成He is very proud of his father's wealth.

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  • Chen
    Lv 6
    5 年前

    動名詞片語:

    S1 + V1 + 介系詞 + S2 +1.being

    2.Ving

    3.having

    1.S2不是S1 而且有生物, S2必須用S2的所有格

    2.S2不是S1 而且無生物, S2用S2的主格(主詞)

    for examples:

    1. he insist on my paying he money.

    2. I am glad of examination being over.

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