巧郁 楊 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 6 年前

英語否定詞規則 語言學

we can form negtive versions of words such as audible and edible in English by

adding in-to produce inaudible and inedible. How would you describe the special

phonological processes involved in the pronunciation of the negtive versions of

the following words?

1.balance

2.compatible

3.complete

4.decent

5.glorious

6.gratitude

7.legal

8.literate

9.mature

10.perfect

11.possible

12.rational

13.responsible

14.sane

15.tolerate

16.variable

我知道英文單字變成否定時可能加上in-il-ir-im但是什麼時候加哪一個有規則嗎?

就是為什麼 sane加in之類的

到底是甚麼時候加哪個呢? 請大家替我解答 謝謝。

已更新項目:

prisoner26535 :

Excuse me

Could you explain about the``others''?

Thank you.

2 個已更新項目:

You can say that again!

2 個解答

評分
  • 6 年前
    最佳解答

    Alright, you must be a smart dude to ask this question. So, I'll put my answers and the elaborations in English.

    "In-" as a prefix to English words is used in many cases. But when used with adjectives (sometimes nouns), it suggests a negative (or privative) force. Other variant forms of it are "il-", "im-", "ir-", and "un-"

    Origin:

    "un-" was said to be from German

    "in-" was said from Latin

    Rules for variants:

    "il-" is used before L

    "im-" is used before B, M, and P.

    "ir-" is used before R.

    "in-" is used on all other adjectives.

    "un-" is used on words originated from verbs, such as "uninformed"

    Others:

    many other prefixes can also be used for privative force, such as de-, dis-, and di-.

    Why don't you elaborate on their usages?

    2015-03-20 06:03:14 補充:

    It will cost you $20 for every megabyte of memory I saved for you...

    2015-03-20 22:54:58 補充:

    > Could you explain the``others''?

    I thought that was the homework assignment I wanted you to do. And you just throw it back at me without even giving it a try?

    Dude, am I the only one learning here?

    2015-03-21 21:14:30 補充:

    Dude, you are as shameless as I am. Man! your future looks very promising.

  • 6 年前

    master AP! Nice!

    2015-03-20 06:01:26 補充:

    Save me lots of memory space!

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