oo 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 5 年前

英文高手來解答

Some student surf the Net during class and get into trouble和Josh can play the guitar ,but "he"can't play the tennis.(一定要加he嗎?)

爲什麼第一句可以不用they?(不是都要有主詞嗎?)

too和very 怎麼分?

Joe:____Tina and Lisa like her brother?

Liz :Yes,they _____like sports very much .

(A)Do; are

(B)Are; X

(C)Are;are

(D)Do;don't

(是哪個?爲什麼?)

你和你妹妹在周末都做什麼?要用what do you and your sister還是what do your

sister and you?(是哪一個?爲什麼?)

甚麼時候要加介係詞?

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  • 5 年前
    最佳解答

    Some student surf the Net during class and get into trouble和Josh can play the guitar ,but "he"can't play the tennis.(一定要加he嗎?)

    爲什麼第一句可以不用they?(不是都要有主詞嗎?)

    如前、後句的主詞為相同的人,後一句的主詞可省略,因此Josh can play the guitar, but (he) can't play the tennis.Some students surf on the Net during class and (they) get into troubles.即在此情形下,後一句有無寫出主詞都正確。

    too和very 怎麼分?

    too是”太”,”過於”的意思。另一意思是”也”。He is too lazy to make money. 他太懶惰,以致無法賺到錢。That is too much to me. 那對我而言,太多(太超過)了。Mary loves flowers, me too. 瑪麗喜歡花,我也是。very是 “非常”的意思。The cat is very cute. 這隻貓非常可愛。Very good, just keep doing it. 很好,就持續做下去。 Joe:____Tina and Lisa like her brother?

    Liz :Yes,they _____like sports very much .

    (A)Do; are

    (B)Are; X

    (C)Are; are

    (D)Do; don't

    (是哪個?爲什麼?)答案是(D)因兩句均為一般動詞(如like)句型,依據文法一般動詞句型改為問句及否定句時,須加入助動詞來表達,即加上do 或don’t.be動詞後須為形容詞、名詞、動名詞或分詞,不可後接一般動詞。

    你和你妹妹在周末都做什麼?要用what do you and your sister還是what do your

    sister and you?(是哪一個?爲什麼?)

    當我們面對某人提及你、我、他時,順序為你、他、我You, he and I are three excellent students in our class.

    甚麼時候要加介係詞? 動詞分為及物動詞與不及物動詞。及物動詞後可直接接受詞,而且其後也必須有受詞,文法才正確,文意才得完整。如 He is doing “他正在做”,do 在此為及物動詞,但却沒有受詞置於後,因而文意不完整,他正在做? 做什麼? He is doing homework. 他正在做家庭作業。有受詞,意思才得完整。不及物動詞後面不須有受詞,即可有完整的文意。如She is laughing. 她正在笑。Laugh 笑 是不及物動詞,只要此字無須受詞,即有完整的意思。但有時因文意的需要,不及物動詞有時也會後接受詞,來表達出更多的意境,如”她正在笑”,這句還不是我們要說的全部,我們不只說”她正在笑”,我們還想表達出她到底正在笑什麼?此時不及物動詞就也有了受詞,只是不及物動詞不可直接後接受詞,必須在它和受詞間加一介係詞,才正確(此為文法規定,人為的規定,未必有理由),She is laughing at John. 她正在笑(取笑)John。其它如:He is dancing on the table. She is crying over spilled milk. The man sits by window. Those students walk into the school. My young brother is taking a bath in the bathroom. The mom stands at bus stop . 介係詞大致用於時間、位置(地點)、方向及其他(人事物)之上,除了及物動詞、不及物動詞之關係外,可以這麼來想,如我們中文的說法一樣,我們說”我在臥房裡跳舞”,這時就有”在”這個介詞,英文也是”I dance at bedroom”,如沒有介詞,就成了”我跳舞臥房”或是”我臥房跳舞”,英文則成為”I dance bedroom”,語意無通順及完整,以此可以判斷是否需要介詞(少數情況例外,請參閱文法書介係詞部分)。

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