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Ingrid 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 5 年前

名詞子句 vs. 間接/直接 問句

1. "I don't know what to do," she said.

She said that she did not know what to do.

2. "Do you play basketball?" she asked him.

She asked him if_______________________

3. "Please put the book away," she said to him.

She told him____________________________

一 請問一下麻煩可以幫我分析一下上面句子的文法結構?

二 請問一下名詞子句 vs. 間接/直接 問句, 的分別? 麻煩舉個例子?

三 請問一下上面句子空格的答案?

四 間接/直接 問句語法裡是否不能有do. does. did, 為什麼呢?

感謝回答!~

2 個解答

評分
  • 5 年前
    最佳解答

    (1)+(4):-

    When the direct question begins with auxiliary verb=(do did, does)

    am is are was were have, has had can could,

    may might,shall, will etc

    "if" or "whether" is used as connective in Reported speech

    Q into repported speech:-we always place subject in Q before the verb

    eg:-(2)She asked"Do you play ?"

    ----She asked if/whether he did play=he played.

    ----NB:-When the direct Q begins with an interrogative like:-what,when,why,how, who, whom, whose, which, etc; keep the interrogative as the connective in the reported speech.

    -----NB:-"said" be changed into "asked", "inquired", "wanted to know', "wondered", "questioned" etc

    -----NB:-Do you played basketball?she asked him.

    -----She asked him if/whether he played basketball-------noun clause.

    ----------------------------------------he did play basketball.

    (4)Indirect Q can't have do does, did because if or whether is used as the connective in the reported speech.

    (3)-------if he played basketball.

    ---She told(or asked) him to put away the books.

    (2)She asked,"What is the matter?"-----------Indirect Q used if/whether in Reported speech.

    ---She asked what the matter was.------------Noun clause

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    5 年前

    1. "I don't know what to do," she said.

    She said that she did not know what to do.

    that是連接詞帶出名詞子句當受詞

    2. "Do you play basketball?" she asked him.

    She asked him if he could play basketball.

    if是連接詞....

    2015-04-05 09:28:27 補充:

    3. "Please put the book away," she said to him.

    She told him that he should put the book away.

    that是連接詞....

    名詞子句動詞的時態隨時效而定,不必與主要子句動詞一致。用過去簡單式時,表示時效己過,我只是在做轉述。用「現在簡單式」或「未來式」時,則時效仍在(所述是真理或迄今尚未發生)。

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