Ste 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 5 年前

請教專家以下幾題英文題目(複選題)

1.she was seen___the building about the time the crime was committed.

A.enter B.entered C.entering D.to enter E.to entering

請問感官不是可原型和現在分詞嗎? 怎麼是CD呢?

2.although he was badly injured,he__the pain as long as he could.

A.bore B.stood C.tolerate D.endured E.puts up with

是純粹沒過去式的錯嗎?

3.the man___is our teacher.

A.whom you spoke B.that you spoke C.you spoke to D.whom you spoke to

E.to whom you spoke

這種我也會搞混 例如是該用who 還whom 經常還是不清楚

還請不吝嗇的告訴我是什麼觀念!

4.__in better times,he would have lived a happy life.

A.born B.having been born C.had he been born D.if he had been born

E.having born

這也常弄錯 麻煩了...

1 個解答

評分
  • Beth
    Lv 7
    5 年前
    最佳解答

    1. 直接講文法, 感官動詞或是使役動詞如果是被動語態時, 原本接在後面的原型動詞(或稱為省略to的不定詞), 要改成不定詞. 如果是分詞(現在分詞或是過去分詞)還是照用.

    舉例:

    主動: She saw a thief enter the building about the time the crime was committed.

    被動: She was seen to enter the building about the time the crime was committed.

    (當然這兩個句子意思不一樣, 我只是懶得想其他句子)

    My mother made me clean the house.

    She was made to clean the house.

    2. Although he was badly injured, he ___ the pain as long as he could.

    A.bore B.stood C.tolerate D.endured E.puts up with

    這幾個選項的單字片語都差不多, 就是忍耐忍受的意思, 但是只有 A,B,D是過去式.

    所以如果C和E改成過去式也是對的.

    3. 我把幾個正確的說法列出來:

    (1)The man whom you spoke to is our teacher. (最原始的正確句子)

    (2)The man who you spoke to is our teacher. (whom 可以改成 who)

    (3)The man you spoke to is our teacher. (whom可以省略)

    (4)The man to whom you spoke is our teacher. (介係詞移到 whom的前面)

    本來關係代名詞 who 當受格使用時要改成 whom, 但是口語用法即使受格還是可以使用who, 但如果介係詞在關係代名詞whom之前, 就一定要用 whom, 不能改成 who.

    比如:

    The man to whom you spoke is our teacher.

    4.__in better times, he would have lived a happy life.

    A.born B.having been born C.had he been born D.if he had been born

    E.having born

    由句意以及我標示綠色的部分可以看出這題是要考與過去事實相反的假設語氣.

    所以前面的假設句必須是 if he had +PP 的形式.

    因此答案D是正確的.

    這題C也是正確的, 因為假設語氣可以倒裝, 把 had 拿到句首, if 去掉, 變成C這個選項的樣子.

    要更多資料可以去找假設語氣+倒裝的改法.

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