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請問這四句英文 表達上有什麼差別?

The candy is melted before dinner

The candy was melted before dinner

The candy has melted before dinner

The candy had melted before dinner

1 個解答

評分
  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    5 年前
    最佳解答

    melt(融化)是及物動詞也是不及物動詞。

    前者是外力造成的融化,後者是自發的融化。

    The candy is melted before dinner. <---表示每天習慣動作(及物)

    The candy was melted before dinner. <--- 表示單一的過去事件(及物)

    The candy has melted before dinner. <--- 表示說話為止的狀態,正要吃晚餐(不及物)

    The candy had melted before dinner. <--- 表示較晚餐更早的狀態,晚餐已開始或已吃過(不及物)

    參考資料: 羅莉 - 文法與語意
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