捲捲
Lv 7
捲捲 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 5 年前

if we are to survive文法一問

Aggression is one of those words which everyone knows, but which is nevertheless hard to define. One difficulty is that there is no clear dividing line between those forms of aggression which we all deplore and those which we must not disown if we are to survive.

請問此處的to是"in order to"的意思嗎?

這裡為何使用「be動詞+to V」?大概看得懂文句想表達的意思,但卻不知道為何這樣寫...><

2 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    5 年前
    最佳解答

    be + to ~ 是未來式的相等語,用來表示將來、意向、義務、預定計畫等。(柯旗化《新英文法》p.257)

    ... if we are to survive =如果我們想活下去。(表示意向)

    並不是所有的不定詞都可以在前面加上in order的,尤其是跟目的無關時。

    以下的句子才表示目的:

    We eat (in order) to live.

    We go to school (in order) to learn things.

  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    5 年前

    1.we are to surviv.這種用簡單式來表達未來一定會發生的事履見不鮮,而且是主觀認定或事實經驗,例如The train arrives at eight.雖然現在是七點但依據火車時刻表會在八點到。2.至於未來式表達方式從最有可能依序排列simple present tense>be + to +V>present continuous tense>future continuous tense >be going to +V>simple future tense

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