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瑀涵 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 5 年前

Heaven knows we need never be ashamed of our tears 請問 need 後面直接接be是什麼文法? need 不是要+to嗎?

這樣

如果要說

不需要擔心

need not be worried

還是

need not to be worried?

順便請教

need not be worried (或是need not to be worried)

don't need to be worried

的差別在哪?

2 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    5 年前
    最佳解答

    ... need not be worried ...裡的need是助動詞,主要動詞是be,worried是主詞補語。副詞not放在助動詞與主要動詞之間。

    ... don't need to be worried ...裡的need是主要動詞,to be worried是不定詞片語,當作動詞need的受詞。因為否定,而加了助動詞do,not放在助動詞和主要動詞之間。

    need可當助動詞、主要動詞、或名詞用。

    need not to be worried的語法錯誤。因為當主要動詞用時,不能直接在後面加副詞not,需要寫成don't need to be worried。

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  • 5 年前

    Heaven knows we need never be ashamed of our tears.

    "need" can be used as a main verb or a modal verb. "need" is a modal verb in the above sentence, so the main verb "be" must be in its BASE form (ie. bare infinitive).

    不需要擔心

    是 need not be worried (worried is an adjective here)

    = need not feel worried

    = need not get worried

    或者 need not worry 也可以 (worry is a verb here)

    need not be worried / need not worry (modal verb)

    don't need to be worried / don't need to worry (main verb)

    I don't see a major difference in meaning between them.

    They are similar to making an advice or consolation by saying "Don't worry!" or "Don't be worried!"

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