Craig 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 4 年前

請問英文問題: A higher proportion of Americans go on to higher education than is the case in Britain. “ than is the case ”  如何用文法分析解釋,請問是倒裝用法嗎?

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感謝解答喔,不過我要問的是 is the case ,是怎麼來的? 照文法規則 than之後應該要與前一句的文法對等,乍看之下 than "is tha case in Britain" 並不對等,如果是倒裝用法,請問為何要用倒裝方式來安排than之後的句子形式?

4 個解答

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    4 年前
    最佳解答

    在表示「比較」的句子中,than兼具「連接詞」和「代名詞」的功能,因此屬於「準關係代名詞」。這個than 可以是關係子句的「主詞」或「受詞」。

    There is more food than is needed.=食物供過於求。

    than是關係子句的主詞。

    =There is more food than (the food that) is needed.

    There were fewer people than we had expected.=人比我們預期的少。

    than是關係子句的受詞。

    = There were fewer people than (the people whom) we had expected.

    A higher proportion of Americans go on to higher education than is the case in Britain.這裡的than是關係子句的「主詞」。子句沒有倒裝。

    one case: One out of two Americans goes on to higher education.

    another case: One out of three British goes on to higher education.

    Therefore, the proportion of the first is higher than that of the second.

    參考資料: 綿貫陽《新觀念英文法》pp.382~383
    • Kevin
      Lv 7
      4 年前檢舉

      Hi Louis,
      Actually this is a type of inversion, though not oligatory.
      A higher proportion of Americans go on to higher education than THE CASE IS in Britain.
      Type 4 in the list:
      http://www.testmagic.com/Knowledge_Base/lists/grammar/inversion.htm

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  • 4 年前

    that, pronoun;

    than that of the case=that is used to make the subject(American Hi edu.)specific;

    "that" is used when the subject is further away to the subject.

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  • Jenkin
    Lv 7
    4 年前

    基本文法是

    A higher proportion of A... than ...B

    由於A的內容不單單是一個主詞,而是一種行為/動作/事件/情況/狀況,所以作者在B的部份不再重覆寫出這行為/動作/事件/情況/狀況的用詞,而改為用the case(直譯:個案/事件),這裏的case是"go on to higher education;而比較的分別在於"國家"的不同。

    其實一般較常見的寫法可以是

    A higher proportion of Americans go on to higher education than that in Britain.

    同樣文法道理,that是指前文的相同"動作/情況"(go on to higher education)。

  • 4 年前

    請問英文問題: A higher proportion of Americans go on to higher education than is the case in Britain. “ than is the case ”  如何用文法分析解釋,請問是倒裝用法嗎?

    ☆ higher……than(形容詞+er⋯⋯than,這句不是《倒裝用法》是《比較級》

    註解:A higher proportion of Americans go on to higher education than is the case in Britain.

    美國人上大學的比例大於英國。

    美國人繼續接受高等教育的比例要高於英國的情況。

    • 天堂鳥
      Lv 7
      4 年前檢舉

      ☆ "than is the case in Britain", 當中的 it , 似乎是打錯了,多餘的。
      than the case in Britain:相比英國的情況

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