尹薰 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 4 年前

Because many stains have been found on the carpets after being cleaned, we ask that our payment to DrayPack Cleaners be -----. 答案是refunded.?

我看解答這是被動的用法,payment是主詞,be動詞後接pp的用法。我的疑問是這是使役的被動嗎?直接用be + pp,感覺少一個東西,我的想法是,we ask that our payment to DrayPack Cleaners "can" be refunded. 加一個can似乎比較順一點,助動詞的被動。

2 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    4 年前
    最佳解答

    ... we asked that our payment to DrayPack Cleaners (should) be refunded.

    要求...一事:口語多半會將「名詞子句」裡的助動詞should省略。

    I asked that he (should) come at once.=我要求他立刻來。

    這不是使役動詞的用法。這裡的ask的受詞是一個「名詞子句」。

    使役動詞+受詞+原式(即受詞補語為:無to的不定詞:bare infinitive)

    Let me go.

    He made us work hard.

    Have him open it.

    Bid them wait here.

    被動語態+不定詞(留在原地的受詞補語要改為「有to的不定詞」)

    He was made to do it.

    They were made to go away.

    We were bidden to leave at once.

    ask不是「使役動詞」,受詞補語為不定詞時,要用有to的不定詞。

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  • Kookie
    Lv 5
    4 年前

    如果你將問題發問於此,我會回答你

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