小岩 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 4 年前

...has been linked to a spike ...是什麼意思?

The World Health Organization warns that the Zika virus is ``spreading

explosively'' in the Americas, which could see up to 4 million cases over the

next year.

The international organization has announced a special meeting next week to

decide if they should declare an international health emergency.

The mosquito-borne virus has been linked to a spike in a rare birth defect in

Brazil, causing babies to be born with unusually small heads.

According to the US Centers for Disease Control, the Zika virus is now in

more than 20 countries, transmitted by the same mosquito that spreads other

tropical illnesses such as dengue and yellow fever.

請問英文達人,上面英語新聞的第三段裡的...has been linked to a spike ...該如何翻譯, 尤其這個spike在這裡是什麼意思?

麻煩了,謝謝!

3 個解答

評分
  • Kookie
    Lv 5
    4 年前
    最佳解答

    1.) 先說spike 這個字,尖狀的凸起物都可稱spike。所以釘鞋也稱 spike,spike heels 細高跟鞋。

    再來,我們看統計圖表上的線性圖,突然攀升的數字又迅速的回穩會形成像尖錐狀的圖型。例如 the oil price spike,這就是為什麼spike 會被用來表達急速攀升的數字。

    2.)

    The mosquito-borne virus has been linked to a spike in a rare birth defect in Brazil, causing babies to be born with unusually small heads.

    由蚊子傳播的Zika病毒據信和爆發於巴西的罕見出生缺陷有關,造成新生兒出生時異常小頭畸型症狀。

    我說這位 twntnacys

    你老是拾人牙慧,至少也要有高明之處,才能讓人信服。你老是翻錯,甚至誤解原意。

    真有本事,就去搶答,讓我看看你這翻譯社的英文高手有何能耐?

    只有掛羊頭賣狗肉的才需要在這裡自我宣傳吧!!

  • 4 年前

    第三段裡的...has been linked to a spike ...該如何翻譯?

    spike =突增(n)

    The mosquito-borne virus has been linked to a spike in a rare birth defect in Brazil, causing babies to be born with unusually small heads.

    =這個由蚊子傳染的病毒已經被牽連到一個在巴西國原本 稀有的畸形嬰兒(出生嬰兒頭部過小)的激增.

  • 4 年前

    The World Health Organization warns that the Zika virus is ``spreading explosively in the Americas, which could see up to 4 million cases over the next year. 

    世界衛生組織警告Zika病毒在美洲地區爆炸性傳染,明年預期將傳染高達400萬人。

    The international organization has announced a special meeting next week to decide if they should declare an international health emergency.

    該國際組織也宣佈下週召開特別會議決定是否將此宣佈爲國際健康緊急事件。

    The mosquito-borne virus has been linked to a spike in a rare birth defect in Brazil, causing babies to be born with unusually small heads.

    此病媒蚊病毒與巴西罕見的先天缺陷疾病急劇攀升的病例數有關,將造成嬰兒出生時異常的小頭症。

    According to the US Centers for Disease Control, the Zika virus is now in more than 20 countries, transmitted by the same mosquito that spreads other tropical illnesses such as dengue and yellow fever.

    根據美國疾病控管中心指出Zi卡病毒目前出現於20多個國家中,其病媒與其他熱帶疾病如登革熱和黃熱病同樣是蚊子。

    • Kookie
      Lv 5
      4 年前檢舉

      你老是拾人牙慧,至少也要有高明之處,才能讓人信服。你老是翻錯,甚至誤解原意。
      真有本事,就去搶答,讓我看看你這翻譯社的英文高手有何能耐?
      只有掛羊頭賣狗肉的才需要在這裡自我宣傳吧!!

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