邪邪呀 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 5 年前

為什麼 "such as being late for class" 的be要用動名詞?這基於什麼文法規則?

3 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    5 年前
    最佳解答

    Such poets as Milton are rare. = Poets such as Milton are rare.(名詞Milton)

    No machine can work without a fuel such as coal or oil. (名詞coal/oil)

    such (...) as = 像...這樣的東西

    as是介系詞,後面的字是其「受詞」,只能用「名詞」性質的字。

    所以你的例句裡的「動名詞」都是動詞所衍生的,有名詞性質,才當介系詞as的受詞(動詞是不能當受詞用的):

    being late for class 是一個狀態

    going to class unprepared是一個行為

  • Jenkin
    Lv 7
    5 年前

    正如你自己理解這些例出的是"事項"(名詞),但是它們並不是"物件"而是人的行為或事態(acts),所以把行為寫成"名詞"(一件事)時,便用"動名詞"(Ving)[Gerund]

  • 5 年前

    補充:e.g. Certain acts on the teacher's part are also considered as in-disciplined, such as being late for class, going to class unprepared, being inconsistent, threatening ...

    例句裡的舉例事項都用Ving的形式,為什麼呢?

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