發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 4 年前

請幫我回答下列這十題文法選擇,並且附上解釋,謝謝?

1Ann: Is it ___ today? Meg: Yes, there are ___ blowing all day.(A)clear:darker clouds(B)windy:stronger winds(C)fine:brighter stars(D)rainy:weaker rocks

2Mia: Jay, do it ___ . Jay: No problem. I will do it ___ my own.(A)himself:of(B)by himself:on(C)yourself:of(D)by yourself:on

3We saw some dolphins swim in the sea and___ with the other sea animals.(A)play(B)playing(C)to play(D)played

4I saw Jimmy ___ with a puppy on my way home.(A)playing(B)played(C)plays(D)to play

5There was an earthquake last night. Did you feel the house ___?(A)shake(B)to shake(C)shook(D)shakes

6Tanya felt excited when she heard the band ___ her favorite song.(A)to play(B)played(C)play(D)plays

7Ben: Jacky tripped and fell during the relay race. Leo: Really? Did he ___?(A)hurt(B)be hurt(C)got hurt(D)hurt himself

8Why do not we look at that old man ___ a picture of ___?(A)to paint:ourselves(B)painting:himsalf(C)paints:herself(D)paint:themselves

9Let's ___ frogs ___ in the pond.(A)hear:sing(B)listen to:singing(C)feel:blows(D)watch: to jump

10Yesterday,Fenny noticed Teresa ___ to the new student in front of the school.(A)talked(B)talks(C)to talk(D)talking

2 個解答

評分
  • Jenkin
    Lv 7
    4 年前
    最佳解答

    1Ann: Is it ___ today? Meg: Yes, there are ___ blowing all day.(A)clear:darker clouds(B)windy:stronger winds(C)fine:brighter stars(D)rainy:weaker rocks

    (B) windy: stronger winds

    從Meg的回答句中”blowing”的意思推測內容是跟”吹”有關,而她回答Ann的提問是Yes,所以答案中前後兩詞都應該是表示同樣的”天氣狀況”,有幸這些答案中只有(B)”大風:更強風”跟對話內容配合。

    2Mia: Jay, do it ___ . Jay: No problem. I will do it ___ my own.(A)himself:of(B)by himself:on(C)yourself:of(D)by yourself:on

    (D) by yourself: on

    Mia的說話是命令句叫Jay…Do it ….從Jay的回答中得知他會”….my own”=自己單獨做這事,因此就算沒選擇題,也能推測句子的用詞;首要是你平時看得多小說或劇集英語。Do it by yourself, do it on my own等都是常用的句。不是(B)是因為Mia是對著他直接叫Jay去自己做,所以不是講述他叫”第三者”。

    3We saw some dolphins swim in the sea and___ with the other sea animals.(A)play(B)playing(C)to play(D)played

    (A) play

    句子主動詞是”SAW”,但是作者以SWIM(第一身原型動詞)來”描述”dolphins(眾海豚)的動作,因此and後句仍是相同的時態詞來繼續描述,所以對稱地用play (不用理會句子所用的描述詞是否寫得”正確”與否)。不要被主動詞是過去式(時態)或句子有多個”動詞”而混亂,因為”看到了”的內容包括牠們”SWIM”和他們跟其他動物”玩”這兩個情景。拆解句子的結構和認識句子結構的分配是基本功。

    4I saw Jimmy ___ with a puppy on my way home.(A)playing(B)played(C)plays(D)to play

    (A)playing

    我會選playing這動名詞,因為Jimmy跟一隻小狗”在玩”只是在我當時(過去時態)回家路上所見的,並不是一樣永遠出現或存在的狀況,所以不能用plays這第三身動詞在Jimmy這受體的動作上。另一個可能played也似乎合理表達「他跟那隻狗玩時亦已經是在”過去”(之前)我回家路上那時看到」,時空上產生混亂,因為你不可能當時看到一樣己經發生了的事。

    5There was an earthquake last night. Did you feel the house ___?(A)shake(B)to shake(C)shook(D)shakes

    (C) shook

    屋的搖動亦是在”昨晚”發生了,所以亦是過去時態了。

    6Tanya felt excited when she heard the band ___ her favorite song.(A)to play(B)played(C)play(D)plays

    (B) played

    全部描述都是在過去的情景下發生了的事。文法上是一致的動詞時態寫句。

    7Ben: Jacky tripped and fell during the relay race. Leo: Really? Did he ___?(A)hurt(B)be hurt(C)got hurt(D)hurt himself

    (C) hurt himself

    問句的Did取去了時態的過去式,因此問句的動詞便是”原型”,而意思上是要問”他本身有否受傷”,所以必要加上himself。(C)的答案寫法亦是合理的習慣語He got hurt,只是假如成為問句的話便使用同上原則「Did he get hurt?」才算是合文法的句子,(C)的動詞沒有變為”原型”動詞,所以這是錯的選擇。

    8Why do not we look at that old man ___ a picture of ___?(A)to paint:ourselves(B)painting:himsalf(C)paints:herself(D)paint:themselves

    (B) painting: himself

    其他的答案的第一部份跟內容不夾,唯一(A)中說to paint a picture of ourselves(給我們畫畫)在句式上是合理的,但是跟句子的內容前句Why don’t we “look at”的動詞是問”為何我們不去看看/觀察”那老人”給我們畫畫”便不會邏輯了。「為何我們不去看看那老人自畫」是較為合理的情景。

    9Let's ___ frogs ___ in the pond.(A)hear:sing(B)listen to:singing(C)feel:blows(D)watch: to jump

    (B) listen to : singing

    要解釋要明白語意和考慮句子的結構配合。簡單說要習慣使用listen跟singing(music)名詞的關係,而hear跟sound/noise,watch跟jump其實也是正確關係,只是(D)錯用了to jump這不定式動詞便錯了,因為不是你們能叫那些青蛙跳來看。

    10Yesterday,Fenny noticed Teresa ___ to the new student in front of the school.(A)talked(B)talks(C)to talk(D)talking

    (A) talked

    記述昨天見到(過去時態)的事(亦是過去時態發生了的情況)。

  • 4 年前

    Past tense matches with past tense,gerund with gerund etc.

    (1)B, windy : stronger winds.

    (2)D; by yourself : on

    (3)D; played

    (4)A playing

    (5)C shook

    (6)B played

    (7)D hurt himself

    (8)A to paint ; ourselves

    (9)B listen to : singing

    (10)A talked

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