jhang lucy 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 5 年前

有關英文HOPE的用法,請鄉民指點?

我希望你將來可以來台灣,我這樣翻譯對不對?

I HOPE YOU WILL COME TO TAIWAN IN THE FUTURE.

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WISH之後是接主觀上認為不太可能真的發生的假設語氣,但是我希望他是真的

以下是我的三個造句

I WISH I HAD BEEN A HARD STUDYING

STUDENT

我希望我以前是一個努力讀書的學生(但是我以前不是)

I WISH I WERE A ATHLETE我希望我是一個運動員(但是真實的情況是我現在不是)

I WISH I WERE TO BE ABLE TO BUY THIS HOUSE IN THE FUTURE.

我希望我將來有能力買這間房子(但是我主觀地認為我將來不太可能有能力買)

我想問一下以上我這三句假設語氣的造句對嗎?

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但是我用HOPE造的句子

I HOPE YOU WILL COME TO TAIWAN IN THE FUTURE,我希望表達的語氣是一個正向的希望將來這個事情真的會發生的語氣,這樣對嗎?

HOPE後面可以接未來式嗎??

請高手指點

3 個解答

評分
  • Jenkin
    Lv 7
    5 年前
    最佳解答

    你用得對,你指出你理解的亦是最基本的區別hope和wish,但是像你指出的例子,意義的表達還要看內容中表達的"東西"的情緒,不是所有wish都是"不可能"/"不相信"會發生的"妄想",例如最常用的I wish you a happy birthday.是代表祝福的"願望",而不一定是"由發生的可能性決定"用詞。

    Hope在現實語句中也可以是"沒希望的"表達。I hope my boy friend will ask me to marry him someday.假如用字面詞hope便解作"我希望我男友某天便會向我求婚",但是假如理解她其實意思是、我(多)希望我男友終有一天會向我求婚"[即是她已知男友沒有結緍意向](someday在英語意思上通常是指不太確定來表達帶有負面的意識),假如英語人說I wish my boy friend will ask me to marry him someday.是表達她已經很失望。

    因此以中文理解我會歸納

    wish = 願望

    hope = 盼望

    而兩個詞都是"有希望"的,除非內容的含義所表達用詞是"不太可能"。

  • ?
    Lv 7
    5 年前

    hope, n., Your hope is to become a professional teacher.

    eg:-There's hope of better weather tomorrow.

    eg:-There's hope that you'll come to Taiwan in September.

    hope v., eg:-I hope that you will come to Taiwan in September.

    hopefully adv., eg:-The house-price looks hopefully at my expense.

    ---------------------eg:-Hopefully, I'll be fit and rich to buy this house.

    ---------------------eg:-Hopefully, I'll be fit to be an athlete.

    ---------------------eg:-Hopefully, I'll be a hard-working student.

    wish, n., eg:-What's your wish ?

    ------------eg:-My wish can be a longing for as an athelete,hoping to buy this house, aiming to be a hard working student.

    wish v.,eg:-I wish that I were an athelete; that I were able to buy that house,that I were a hard working student.

    wish v., eg:-What do you most wish for ?

    -----------eg:-I am longing for buying that house ; aspiring to be an athelete; wanting to be a hard working student.

  • 匿名使用者
    5 年前

    I DON'T KNOW ,BUT ABOUT ENGLISH THAT I'M STUDYING.

    http://www.ximalaya.com/35374805/sound/18574172

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