多益練習選擇題,跟文法有關?

1. My receptionist will get the forms ( ) first thing tomorrow so that we can fax them to the head office before the conference call. (A) signed (B) to be signed (C) sign (D) signing

為什麼不能選(B)? get只算半個使役動詞不是嗎?

2. Activities abroad contributed to more than half of both total sales and ( ) costs. (A) operator (B) operation (C) operating (D) operated

為什麼(D)是錯的?

3. ( ) Harrison’s Hair Salon had closed for renovations two months earlier, none of its staff believed they would have a job to come back to. (A) Although (B) While (C) The (D) When

為什麼不是(A)?

4. Since Mr. Carlo enrolled in night classes, he has ( ) a knowledgeable trainee. (A) looked into (B) brought about (C) turned into (D) broken into

為什麼是(C)不是(B)?

5. Financing has come chiefly from ( ) sources, namely two of our employees’ relatives. (A) internalizing (B) internal (C) intern (D) internalized

為什麼是(B)不是(C)?

6. A subsidiary has entered ( ) a partnership agreement with another company. (A) in (B) to (C) into (D) for

為什麼選(C)不選(D)?

7. Mrs. Flaubert ( ) all of her work by 5:00 pm, so there is no reason she needs to work overtime. (A) has finished (B) is finishing (C) will have finished (D) has been finishing

為什麼是(C)不是(A)?從哪裡看出來的?

1 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    3 年前
    最佳解答

    1. My receptionist will get the forms ( ) first thing tomorrow so that we can fax them to the head office before the conference call. (A) signed (B) to be signed (C) sign (D) signing

    為什麼不能選(B)? get只算半個使役動詞不是嗎?

    當使役動詞時,受詞為something時,後面的受詞補語有三種狀況:

    to get something done

    to get something doing something

    to get somebody to do something

    使用過去分詞時,即有被動的意思,用不定詞被動態有畫蛇添足之嫌,且不符英語習慣。在語文應用時,習慣最大。本題選項A為唯一的正確答案。

    2. Activities abroad contributed to more than half of both total sales and ( ) costs. (A) operator (B) operation (C) operating (D) operated

    為什麼(D)是錯的?

    因為及物動詞的過去分詞當[修飾語]用時,有被動的意思,但這裡的operating不是[分詞],而是[動名詞],operating cost是[複合名詞](即動名詞+名詞),字重音落在前面的動名詞上。所以使用[修飾語]operated是錯誤的。

    3. ( ) Harrison’s Hair Salon had closed for renovations two months earlier, none of its staff believed they would have a job to come back to. (A) Although (B) While (C) The (D) When

    為什麼不是(A)?

    這個空格應填if,因為該句所述條件是虛構的,過去未曾發生,所以動詞用了假設語氣動詞:條件子句用過去完成+主要子句用過去式would .....。你的選項裡未給正確答案。

    4. Since Mr. Carlo enrolled in night classes, he has ( ) a knowledgeable trainee. (A) looked into (B) brought about (C) turned into (D) broken into

    為什麼是(C)不是(B)?

    是Mr. Carlo自己變成了知識淵博的學員。To bring something about means to cause it to happen.用法不符上下文。

    5. Financing has come chiefly from ( ) sources, namely two of our employees’ relatives. (A) internalizing (B) internal (C) intern (D) internalized

    為什麼是(B)不是(C)?

    internal = 內部的;intern = 實習醫生。後者與上下文句意不符。

    6. A subsidiary has entered ( ) a partnership agreement with another company. (A) in (B) to (C) into (D) for

    為什麼選(C)不選(D)?

    因為連用字是into: A has entered into an agreement with B.

    If you enter into something such as an agreement, discussion, or relationship, you become involved in it.

    see p.513 "enter into" Collins Cobuild English Dictionary for Advanced Learners

    7. Mrs. Flaubert ( ) all of her work by 5:00 pm, so there is no reason she needs to work overtime. (A) has finished (B) is finishing (C) will have finished (D) has been finishing

    為什麼是(C)不是(A)?從哪裡看出來的?

    by 5:00 pm表示在今天下午五點之前,這是在預告一個未來的時間點,所以動詞應用[未來完成式]will have finished,而非事情發生在過去,效果迄今猶存的[現在完成式](不會給事件發生的過去時間點)。

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