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pearl
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pearl 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 4 年前

關於初級的英文文法?

我是英文初級者,自學英文的家庭主婦,在文法上有些不懂的部分希望高手賜教。

例:The suspect was arrested with his face ______by a helmet.

(A)cover (B)to cover (C)covering (D)covered,答案為什麼是D

例:The principal gave a speech to the freshmen,only a few of _______were actually paying attention.

(A)who (B)whom (C)that (D)them答案為什麼是B

還有as long as、as soon as 這種as+單字+as的用法為什麼總是在句首?

有哪些網站可以讓初學者用「淺顯易懂」的方式學習文法?書上寫的實在看不懂。 @@多謝了。

1 個解答

評分
  • 琴研
    Lv 4
    4 年前
    最佳解答

    [翻譯]The suspect was arrested with his face covered by a helmet.

    臉上罩著頭盔的嫌犯被逮捕了。

    [文法]有三種類似易混淆的文法

    with sth to do 未然時(還未發生)

    with sth doing 已然時(已經發生)且是主動態

    with sth done 已然時(已經發生)且是被動態

    [例句1]

    with so much housework to do,I can't have a rest.

    我還有那麼多家務要做,不能休息。

    *只要還未發生,就不區分主動或被動態,都用未然時:with sth to do 表示將要做某事

    [例句2]

    With my husband doing the housework, I can have a rest.

    既然我丈夫做了家務,我可以休息了

    *with sth/sb doing 已然時(已經發生)且是主動態

    [例句3]

    With my housework done, I can have a rest.

    家務已經被我做完了,我可以休息了

    *with sth done 已然時(已經發生)且是被動態

    [翻譯]The principal gave a speech to the freshmen,only a few of whom were actually paying attention.

    校長對新生發表講話,但他們中只有極少人在聽

    [文法]

    定語從句的主語出現few, little, some, most, many, much等詞時,一般固定用of whom和of which。

    [例句]

    In the room are lots of family members , many of whom I don’t know.

    房間裡有很多家庭成員,但他們中很多我都不認識

    as long as、as soon as並非定要放在句首

    [例句]

    Mom will be happy as long as you study hard.

    只要你努力學習,媽媽就開心

    [例句]

    You gotta finish your homework as soon as possible

    你要儘快完成你的作業

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