Kamk 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 4 年前

分詞構句與some的用法?

_____ stopped me on the street to tell me she liked my jacket.

答案是Some girl 為啥不用加s呢girl?

還有分詞構句中間一定要有逗號嗎?

2 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    4 年前
    最佳解答

    1. If you refer to some person or thing, you are referring to that person or thing but in a vague way, without stating precisely which person or thing you mean.

    some = 某個(人)/某件(事)

    some girl =有個女生(是單數)

    p.1484 Collins Cobuild English Dictionary for Advanced Learners

    2.分詞構句是修飾述部的修飾語,屬副詞性質。移到句子的前面時,因為越位(到了主要子句之前),所以必須加上逗號與主句隔開。

    Lying on his back, Henry saw a falling star.(副詞性質的修飾語,修飾述部,文法分析時稱這種結構為分詞構句participial construction或participle clause)

    = Henry saw a falling star when he was lying on his back.

    Henry, lying on his back, saw a falling star. (形容詞性質的修飾語,修飾主詞Henry。屬非限定性質的修飾語,必須加上逗號,文法分析時稱這種片語為分詞片語participial phrase)

    = Henry, who was lying on his back, saw a falling star.

    I found him standing at the door.(這個分詞片語是當作「受詞補語」,不用逗號)

    Taipei is a noisy city with roads filled with traffic and new buildings being built everywhere.

    filled ...與being built ...是限定性質的修飾語,修飾前面的名詞。不用逗號。屬形容詞性質。

  • 4 年前

    Some girls stopped me on the street to tell me she liked my jacket. (X)

    因為後面的she與前面的主詞"應該"是同樣的人.

    若是你同意以上的論點,那麼 girl應該是單數吧?

    當然這個邏輯 只是 "應該"而已.而不是絕對 正確的.

    例如:

    Some girls stopped me on the street to tell me she (蔡英文) liked my jacket.

    雖然我不知道那些女生 怎會 知道 我與蔡英文之間的祕密, 這個敘述 也是正確的.

    至於分詞子句 與 主要子句 之間 是不是 要有 痘痘?

    我的觀察是:

    若是分詞子句在前就要

    例子: While driving to IAD, he continues his texting.

    若是 在主要子句後面 就不需要

    例子: He continues his texting while driving to LAX.

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