麗貞 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 4 年前

英文的文法問題,有關關係子句的。?

(1)Sam could not conceal the deep resentment [he felt/harbored/bore against his boss] .

Q: 為什麼括弧內的句子可以直接連接在後面?

(2)Sue bolted upright, her body rigid with fear.

Q: 這句子中間是少了連接詞之類的嗎?

(3)My son whines every time we ask him to do his homework.

Q: 這句是省略了連接詞嗎?

(4) The Mitchell's asked me to stay for dinner.

Q: asked不是動詞,怎麼前面還能加所有格?

(5)Tina found the isolation in the mountains difficult to bear.

Q: difficult (v.) 為什麼可以安插在裡面?

*以上都是看單字書裡的句子,有些文法不懂,希望高手能幫我解答。^—^

1 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    4 年前
    最佳解答

    (1)Sam could not conceal the deep resentment [he felt/harbored/bore against his boss] .

    Q: 為什麼括弧內的句子可以直接連接在後面?

    Sam could not conceal the deep resentment (that) he bore against his boss.

    =Sam bore a deep resentment against his boss.

    + Sam could not concel the deep resentment.

    關係代名詞that在關係子句裡屬於受詞時,可以省略。本句屬這種狀況。

    (2)Sue bolted upright, her body rigid with fear.

    Q: 這句子中間是少了連接詞之類的嗎?

    If someone is sitting "bolt upright," they are sitting very straight.

    bolt upright是[副詞],意思是挺直的。所以你前面的句子可能應加動詞,寫成:Sue sit bolt upright, her body rigid with fear.逗號後面是: her body (was) rigid with fear。當作[插入語],是作者在加註解,所以不用完整的句子形式,因而沒有了was,也不需連接詞and,只剩下當主詞補語的形容詞及其邏輯上的主詞。

    (3)My son whines every time we ask him to do his homework.

    Q: 這句是省略了連接詞嗎?

    time可與any, each, every, next等修飾語連用,當作[連接詞]用,如:

    She smiles every time she sees me.

    I'll bring you my book next time I come.

    <遠東新世紀英漢辭典>p.1448 time

    (4) The Mitchell's asked me to stay for dinner.

    Q: asked不是動詞,怎麼前面還能加所有格?

    店名取的是人名時,可以用所有格的形式出現。(注意前面會有定冠詞the)

    The Mitchell's = The Mitchell's Restaurant

    (5)Tina found the isolation in the mountains difficult to bear.

    Q: difficult (v.) 為什麼可以安插在裡面?

    difficult to bear是[形容詞+不定詞],在本句是當[受詞補語]。受詞是isolation。find是不完全及物動詞。

    不定詞to bear是用來修飾前面的形容詞的。

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