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匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 4 年前

1.分詞構句和分詞片語 怎麼分? 2.adj子句和n子句還有adv子句怎麼分?

1 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    4 年前
    最佳解答

    1.[分詞構句]和[分詞片語]都是當[修飾語],但修飾的對象不同。分詞構句修飾[述部],可以在句子裡前後移動,但[分詞片語]修飾[名詞],只能放在其修飾的名詞後面。

    Lying on his back. Henry saw a falling star. = When he was lying on his back, Henry saw a falling star.(前句裡的是分詞構句)

    Henry, lying on his back, saw a falling star. = Henry, who was lying on his back, saw a falling star.(前句裡的是分詞片語)

    2。[形容詞子句][名詞子句]及[副詞子句]都是附屬子句,但因為在句子裡的角色不同而有不同的詞性。名詞子句可以在句子裡當[主詞][受詞][主詞補語][受詞補語]或[同位語];形容詞子句當[修飾語],修飾[名詞]或前面的主要子句;副詞子句當[形容詞][副詞]或主要子句[述部]的[修飾語]。

    "That he had lied to us" was unbelievable.名詞子句當主詞

    I don't know "why I like spinach."名詞子句當受詞

    His wild speech was "what frightened us away."名詞子句當主詞補語

    You have made me "what I am today."名詞子句當受詞補語

    The fact "that you were late again" made me sad.名詞子句當同位語

    This is the man "who wanted to see you."形容詞子句修飾前面的名詞man

    John made high grades on his exams, "which made his parents happy."形容詞子句修飾前面的全句

    He ran "when he heard the bell."副詞子句修飾述部ran

    He was so happy "that he could not speak."副詞子句修飾形容詞happy

    He got up so early "that he might buy the tickets."副詞子句修飾副詞early

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