正祥 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 4 年前

英文文法的問題疑惑?

Have you ever been in a situation _____ you felt your life was in danger?

1.in which 2.which 答案是1. 可是選2有錯嗎?

The new stadium was built at a convenient location,close to an MRT station and within walking distance to a popular shopping center. 這句的within能改用with嗎?

The Kingdom of Bhutan is a landlocked national situated between India and China. 為何是用situated被動式呢?

1 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    4 年前
    最佳解答

    1. Have you ever been in a situation in which you felt your life was in danger?

    只能用in which,因為in which = in that situation,在形容詞子句裡它是當作副詞性質的「述部修飾語」:You felt (that) your life was in danger "in that situation."因為要與先行詞situation形成關係,所以移到子句前面。

    如果選which是錯的。因為which是「關係代名詞」,在形容詞子句裡沒有它的容身之地(它既不能當子句的主詞,也不能當受詞,因為都已經被別的字所占了)。

    2. The new stadium was built at a convenient location, close to an MRT station and within walking distance to a popular shopping center.

    within是「在...之內」,與walking distance是搭配使用的:在走路的距離之內。

    with是「與...在一起」,無法上下文形成合理的意義。不能改用此字。

    3. The Kingdom of Bhutan is a landlocked nation situated between India and China.

    因為是A is situated between B and C.的關係。situated 是過去分詞當「主詞補語」屬於「形容詞」性質。原來的動詞situate屬於及物動詞,意思是:把...置於...。因為國家的位置是被人所安排的,它自己不會移動,所以會用表示被動的過去分詞來當形容詞用。

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