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Iris 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 3 年前

請問下面括號裡的子句是補語還是受詞? 1. We told him { that he had done a wonderful job}. 2. I am sure{ that she wull be back}.?

3 個解答

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    3 年前
    最佳解答

    1. We told him that he had done a wonderful job.

    主詞+授予動詞+間接受詞+直接受詞

    that he had done a wonderful job是當作直接受詞的名詞子句。

    We told him something.

    2. I am sure that she will be back.

    名詞+不完全不及物動詞+主詞補語

    He is sure of his success.

    Are you quite sure about the number?

    to be sure of/about xxx裡的xxx如果是that子句時,前面的介系詞會遭強制刪去。

    所以這裡的that子句是介系詞的受詞,只是介系詞不見了。這個that子句是名詞性質,屬於主詞補語的一部分。

    後面接介系詞再接名詞為受詞的形容詞有:afraid, angry, aware, certain, happy, proud, sad, sorry, amused, annoyed, astonished, convinced, pleased, shocked等。在受詞為名詞子句時,介系詞會遭刪去(見綿貫陽《新觀念英文法》p.328)

    但有文法學者認為形容詞後面的that子句為「副詞子句」,用來修飾前面的形容詞(《新世紀英漢辭典》p.1428 that當連接詞用法1b)

    有些動詞後面接that子句時,也有類似刪去介系詞的現象:

    He warned me of their wicked design.

    I warn you that it is dangerous.

    He insisted on my paying the money.

    He insisted that I was wrong.

    Please inform us of any changes in your circumstances.

    Parents were informed that the school was closing.

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  • 匿名使用者
    3 年前

    1.We told him that he had done a wonderful job.

    ☆ We told him...的him才是受詞= S + V + O(這句是間接引述句)

     2. I am sure that she wull be back.

    ☆ 是用"that"引導的“受語從屬句”。

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  • 3 年前

    補語

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