發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 3 年前

英文高手請教我one of用法和the only one of用法?

請幫我詳解用法謝謝。

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我自己有找到這個

One of the boys speaks very well.

引述您的講法, 因為主詞是One所以用單數動詞 speaks, 完全正確。

One of the boys who speak English well went to America.

您的講法,因為關代who代替the boys,故用複數動詞speak, 也是完全正確。

關於第二句我不懂,為什麼複數動詞的speak不用變成speaks??

變成speaks反而是錯的呢?那我又要如何去分辨他是複數動詞呢?

我腦袋卡住了,請教我,謝謝

2 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    3 年前
    最佳解答

    One of the boys who speak English well went to American.

    who的先行詞是boys,所以會說的英語的男孩是多個人,但去了美國的只有一個人。

    「關係子句」修飾的對象是跟它最近的複數名詞boys。

    One of the boys speaks English very well.

    speaks的主詞是不定代名詞one,是多個男孩其中的「一個」。會說英語的人只有他一個人。

    介系詞片語of the boys是one的修飾語,表示的是隸屬關係,但不會影響one的單數性質。

    Two of the boys speak English very well.

    這時動詞speak就要成複數的,不加s了。因為是「兩個」男孩。

    請參見柯旗化《新英文法》pp.91~92說明及例句:

    one of +複數(代)名詞+關係代名詞+複數動詞

    He is one of those who were present.

    She is one of the few students who have passed the examination.

    This is one of the good books which are worth reading.

    關係代名詞的人稱、數、性必須與其前述詞(先行詞)一致。

    The largest island of the Westman Islands is called Heimaey and is the only one of the islands that "is" inhabited.

    Our store was the only one of the buildings that "was" destroyed in the hurricane.

    這兩句裡的one變成the only one,「句焦點」放在one,而非複數的islands及buildings,關係子句所指的東西是「唯一的」,當然關係子句動詞會用單數的。例句及說明請見p.362 綿貫陽著《新觀念英文法》眾文圖書公司出版。

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  • 3 年前

    one [代名詞] (1)(某被特定的數・種類・群等之中的)(任意的)(1人的)人,(1個的)物((of,out of,among ...)) 例. one of the Elizabethan poets 伊麗莎白女王一世時代的詩人之一(人)

    # 語法:(1)用於人稱代名詞的時候,使用he,she,it 及其變化形:One of the party broke one leg,and he had to remain.

    # 語法:(2) 關於用於one of those who [that,which]…構文(句型)的動詞的數之一致,雖然,用複數形而使其與 those 一致的說法也有,但是,在((文語)),用單數形而使其與 one 一致的用法較多。

    例. one of those people who work [or ((文語)) works] for the government一政府職員.

    # 語法(3):但是,在the only one of ... 、 more than one of ... 的形,其動詞常用單數形。

    例. The only one of his sons who visits him in the hospital is the youngest.

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