獨孤蟲 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 3 年前

請幫忙翻譯成英文(中翻英)....感恩..?

隨著社會變遷、家庭型態改變及教育程度提升,整體勞動參與率的變動波幅不大,但是男性勞動參與率卻有遞減的趨勢,反而是女性勞動參與率呈現遞增。然而影響勞動參與率的因素有很多種,一般研究影響勞動參與率的文獻,大多關注於全面性地對女性勞動參與率影響因素進行探討與著墨,較少將總體勞動參與率依性別及年齡區分,實際上,各年齡層勞動參與率之影響因素可能不盡相同。因此,本研究以2006年至2015年間的十項影響因素為主軸進行探討,包含:失業率、生育率(少子化)、65歲以上人口占總人口比率(高齡化)、國民生產毛額、經濟成長率、平均薪資結構、外籍勞工核准引進人數、景氣同時指標綜合指數、結婚率、離婚率,並透過灰關聯分析方法,找出影響整體勞動參與率之性別及各年齡層之勞動參與率影響因素與關聯程度。

根據研究結果顯示,在2006~2015年間,除了15~24歲勞動參與率外,共有5項因素(包含生育率、平均薪資結構、結婚率、65歲以上人口占總人口比率、失業率)對整體勞動參與率、性別勞動參與率與其他各類(25~44歲、45~64歲和65歲以上)勞動參與率有較顯著影響,但影響程度略有差異,其中又以生育率和平均薪資結構影響程度最大。生育率、離婚率、結婚率、平均薪資結構、失業率,對15~24歲勞動參與率有較為顯著影響。

進一步研究10個影響因素間關聯性,以國內生產毛額最為重要,換言之,國內生產毛額為最主要的影響因素,影響其他9個因素,而從量化排序中,可以得知,失業率受其影響最大,其次為經濟成長率,而65歲以上人口占總人口比率受其影響最小

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  • YIP
    Lv 7
    3 年前
    最佳解答

    Owing to changes including the society; model of family and raising degree of educations;as the result,the ratios of whole involvement of male labour tends to downwards while that of female upwards. Though the factors influencing the ratio of labour involvement are various and that a lot of newsletters being specialized and made remarks in research of female labour while that is seldom to describe that separately according to their gender and age. As a matter of fact that the ratios of different ages of labour aren't the same,so that our research from 2015 to 2016, based on ten most influencing factors including;rate of losing job, birthrate(birth control), ratios between population over 65 as compared with that of the total population(become seniority), gross GOP, rate of economic growth, skeleton of mean wages, amount. of employment of oversea laborers, the aggregate and simultaneous index of business depression, rate of marriage, rate of divorce; and then being analysed through so and so method so as to find out that degree of influence. According to the result of research, ...............(not enough time to translate) Yip

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