小秋楓 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 3 年前

英文文法 請問有些單字如give see 有時會寫成given seen 請問這代表甚麼時態 為甚麼會這樣用?

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那give的被動式就沒用gave囉 比如was gave

2 個解答

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    3 年前
    最佳解答

    give和see是root verb (原形動詞), given, seen是它們的[過去分詞]

    過去分詞可用在動詞的完成式時態(perfect tense)裡,如為及物動詞,則還可用在被動態(passive voice):

    以given為例:

    is given (動詞give的現在簡單式被動態)

    was given (動詞give的過去簡單式被動態)

    will be given (動詞give的未來簡單式被動態),

    has been given (動詞give的現在完成式被動態)

    given在當修飾語時,有被動的意思.這時它是[動狀詞](verbal).動狀詞是由動詞所衍生的詞類,保有部分動詞的特性,但功能不同於動詞,如:

    Impelled by her curiosity "given" to her by the gods, Pandora opened the box-jar, and all evil contained escaped and spread over the earth.

    例外:

    Given that Rudy often gets lost, we should wait for him a little longer.

    這個given是[介系詞], given = because of

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  • 3 年前

    is seen----eg:--Flour and eggs is seen to be mixed like this way.

    was seen----eg:-He was seen laughed politely even though he couldn't see the joke.

    will be seen----eg:-The wood will be seen as a tree=Not see the forest.

    has been seen ----eg:-Latin has been seen as an old subject.

    is given---eg:-Some info. on buying a new car is given by Father.

    was given-----eg:-I was given to understand the Contract would not be approved.

    will be given-----eg:-I regularly give 10% of my income to charity.

    has been given-----eg:-The new computer programme has been given me a lot of trouble---a hard time.

    Given--adj eg:-At a given time,we all start shouting,cheering,and robbing iphone -ncident. at MongKok.

    be given to doing something---eg:-She is given to make wild accusations to her Boss and get fired.

    Given(prep=,not surprising, because of.)---eg:-Given the circumstances, you have coped well.

    Given (as it happened in)that there was little time,we think Mr.Ho chun-yan has done a good job.

    Gioven (because of)the basic fact,I would accept as being true !

    "give" in passive voice=was given, Not was gave.

    Give--gave--given

    cope=to succeed in dealing with a difficult problem or situation

    A Grammar Book and a full time student is a lot to cope with.

    The MTR system can cope with up to 100 terminals.

    I have never driven a long train before,but I'm sure I can cope.

    NB:-eg:-Given the circumstances, you've coped(=not cope, cope) well.

    eg:-Given that there is so little time, we think you've done (=not do,did,) a good job.

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