inthisx_00 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 3 年前

英文的字尾是不是也有一些規則?

例如able、action、ment、er、ic、al,反正有一堆,是不是要去掉一些字母再接這些字?這東西有沒有專門的書在介紹?

我不是問字尾代表的意思,我了解有些代表狀態、有些是人物,有看過這方面書籍,現只想知去掉一些字母再接這些字 的規則的書籍。

2 個解答

評分
  • 匿名
    Lv 7
    3 年前
    最佳解答

    這是字首字尾規則

    Rules for Constructing Prefixes and Suffixes

    Prefixes are a standard set of syllables that are added to the beginning of root words to change their meaning. Suffixes are a standard set of syllables that are added to the ends of words to alter their meaning as well as their function.

    You can break prefixes down into four categories, depending on their meanings. Prefixes can be used to indicate

    quantity

    negation

    time, or

    direction or position

    Suffixes can help you recognize which parts of speech certain words are. For instance, the addition of a suffix to a root word could change it from a verb to a noun. Another suffix could change the word to an adjective, whereas another might make it an adverb. The three categories of suffixes are as follows:

    noun suffixes are those that change the root word to a noun

    adjective suffixes change root words into adjectives, and

    verb suffixes are added to root words to change them to verbs

    So suffixes can be added to form nouns, adjectives, and verbs. And to form adverbs, you usually add the suffix ly.

    General rules

    Using prefixes and suffixes correctly requires not only that you know what they mean, but also which guidelines to follow when attaching them to root words.

    In general, hyphens shouldn't be used when adding a prefix or a suffix to a word. There are some exceptions to the rule. Normally, the prefix mid doesn't require a hyphen, as in midday. However, when it's followed by a number, a hyphen must used. You should also use a hyphen when mid is followed by a proper noun such as mid-January or mid-Atlantic. When adding less or like to the end of a word, a hyphen has to be used if the addition results in three l's occurring in succession.

    The prefix re, meaning again, doesn't usually need to be followed by a hyphen. However, you should use a hyphen with it to distinguish the meaning of words with the same spelling. For example, you release a statement to the press, but you re-lease an apartment to a tenant.

    Another rule is to add hyphens to ensure clarity:

    compound words – When adding a prefix to a hyphenated or a spaced compound word, it is necessary to use a hyphen.

    "self" words – A hyphen is added when self is used as a prefix. However, a hyphen is not required when self is the base word and it's followed by a suffix, as is the case with the word selfish.

    common elements – If you're using two or more prefixes with a common element, you use a suspending hyphen after each prefix to show its relationship to the common element. For example, "We completed pre-, mid-, and post -training assessments."

    capital letters – When you place a prefix in front of a word that begins with a capital letter, you have to use a hyphen. This would include words like mid-June and trans-American.

    You should also add a hyphen when a prefix ends in a or i and the root word begins with the same letter. But typically, when the prefix ends with e or o and the root word begins with the same letter, you don't use a hyphen. There are some exceptions, however, including co-owner, co-opt, and de-emphasize. When in doubt, consult your dictionary.

    The trend in spelling has been away from the use of hyphens. Although it's a trend – not a rule – it may sometimes help, when deciding whether to use a hyphen, to remember that the trend exists. And if ambiguity or confusion results from not including a hyphen, then you should add it.

    When adding a prefix to a word, the spelling of the root word is not altered in any way. However, when adding suffixes to words, the spelling of the root word may change. Because of this, there are certain rules for adding suffixes to root words.

    One of these rules relates to the silent e that appears in such words as become, like, and give. This e has to be dropped from the root word when the suffix being added begins with a vowel. Exceptions to this rule are the words changeable and noticeable. In these instances, the silent e is maintained because it follows a soft g or c.

    In some cases, you'll keep the silent e when adding a suffix. The silent e is kept if the suffix begins with a consonant. An exception to this rule is the word argument, which is formed when the silent e is dropped from the verb argue before the suffix is added.

    Another rule for adding suffixes is that you change the y in a root word to i if the letter before the y is a consonant. You keep the y in the root word if the suffix begins with an i, as is the case when you add the suffix ing to the word cry to form crying. You also retain the y in a root word in certain one-syllable words and if the letter before the y is a vowel.

    Sometimes it's necessary to keep the y when a suffix is added to certain one-syllable words. If you add a suffix to the root word dry, you keep the y to form the word dryness, for example. The y is retained if the letter before the y is a vowel, as is the case with the root word annoy when you add a suffix to form the word annoyance. The only exceptions to the rule about vowels before the y include for example the one-syllable words day and say, in which case the y is changed to an i.

    The basic component of any word is its root. You can modify the meaning of the word by adding a prefix before the root or a suffix after it. Prefixes can alter the meaning of the root word by indicating quantity, negation, time, and direction or position. Suffixes change the part of speech of the word. They can do this in three ways – by changing the root word to a noun, to an adjective, or to a verb. There are several general rules you need to follow when adding prefixes and suffixes to root words.

  • 3 年前

    一對一英文家教,tutorabc,一對一英文補習班,一對一英語家教,一對一英語補習班,文薈萃與安靜悠閒的下午時光尤其是古宅的石雕屋簷下的燕巢在在都表現出坪林的深度美感美食坪林是著名茶鄉區內有許多特色餐廳和咖啡廳也有多個農場提供親子之旅結合生態和外籍老師,外籍英文家教,外籍英語家教,打工渡假,全民英檢,多益,如何學英文,如何學英語,成人美語,成人美語家教,成人美語推薦,成人美語補習班,成人英文推薦,成人英語推薦,托福,自學英文,免費學英文,英文家教,英文家教老師,英文家教班,英文補習班,英語家教,英語家教老師,英語家教班,英語補習班,雅思,語言學校,線上英文,線上英語教學,線上學英文,線上學英語,學英文,學英文的方法,學英語,學英語的方法

    英文沒有學好,不管出國或工作上面真的會到處碰壁

    《分享一個我自己的例子》

    我在求學時期就沒有把英文學好,出了社會在工作上升遷總是與我擦身而過

    甚至連自己1個人出國,都因為英文不好,而在機場困住1個多小時才出去

    所以讓我下定決心想要把英文學好,就去報名了傳統的英文補習班

    雖然精挑細選了小班制的教學,可是班上同學的程度普遍都比我好太多了

    時間久了因為程度跟不太上,舊的內容還沒消化,新的當然也來不及吸收

    加上常常下了班就匆匆忙忙的趕去上課,有時候甚至加班無法去上課

    就這樣有一堂沒一堂的缺課,進度落後加上趕車,最後舟車勞頓太累自我放棄

    所以後來真心體會到,學習任何的語言不外乎就是要有「恆心+毅力」

    既然這樣的方式沒辦法長時間堅持學習下去,那就另外找適合的方法

    因為我朋友也跟我有同樣的情況,英文不好在工作上一直有阻礙

    後來他選擇了現在很流行的線上學英文來幫助他自己提升英文程度

    優點是不用花太多的時間通勤來回跑補習班,反而多了更多時間練習英文

    我也是後來聽他開口說英文而嚇到,沒想到會進步的這麼迅速

    而且變的很敢開口說英文,我覺得大部份的人都敗在不敢開口說英文

    這真的是最大的突破跟進步!

    所以我就特別花了點時間,研究不用跑補習班就可以學好英文的方法

    如果你也想提升自己的英文程度,來應付你工作上、求學上或者娛樂上需求

    我把自己整理好的資訊分享出來,希望對你也有幫助

    下面幾個都是不用去補習班,就可以在家學英文的方法

    那要怎麼找到適合自己的老師呢?我強烈建議每一家都去試聽一下

    因為每個老師的教法都不同,真的要實際聽過才會知道適不適合自己

    當然我找的這幾家,也都一定要讓我能免費試聽,而且是在家就可以試聽

    只要線上填寫資料,就可以讓你在家用電腦就能免費試聽

    所以建議每一家都填表試聽看看 (真的不收費喔)

    因為通常有比較之下,才會發現哪個老師,哪個方法更適合自己

    這樣也是幫助自己學習起來更容易吸收的方式

    詳細了解免費英文試聽    https://goo.gl/CiLahc

    的簽約儀式上表示這幾年台日很多旅遊書籍都寫到大阪站包括時鐘和空中花園都是特色之一也是台灣遊客到日本旅遊經常造訪的勝地他期待雙方締結姊妹後能共同帶動台日鐵道的觀光旅遊發展周

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