匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 3 年前

英文文法~假設語氣?

做完題目後仍有許多地方不懂,但解答沒詳解,希望高手賜教~~

1. It necessary that Jack ______the school rules or he'll be punished.

(A)abide by (B)obeyed (C)follows (D)observes

Answer:(A)........但我寫(C)

2.If you are really interested in your job, you ____happier and more energetic while you work.

(A)feel (B) will feel (C) felt (D)would feel

Answer:(D)......但我寫(B)

3.When Jack's action was discovered, the emperor ordered that he____put to death.

(A)were (B)be (C)was (D)is

Answer:(B)......但我寫(A)

4.Egyptian culture would not have become so well-known if the museum ____Egyptian mummies on show.

(A)didn't put (B)wouldn't put (C)hadn't put (D)wasn't put

Answer:(C)......但我寫(A)

2 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    3 年前
    最佳解答

    更正:

    1. It is necessary that Jack (should) abide the school rules, or he'll be punished.

    to abide by/obey/follow/observe the school rules = 遵守校規

    主句是「直述語氣」,只有名詞子句用「假設語氣」,should加上動詞前時,不論人稱,均表示義務,有勸告的意思。在it is necessary ...後面的名詞子句是delayed subject,因為在表示責任時,動詞組會用「假設語氣」寫成should xxx,但助動詞should可以省略,只剩下原形動詞(root verb)。原理類似第3題。答案選項中只有A是原形動詞,符合「假設語氣」在省略助動詞後的現象。其它答案均為直述語氣,不符本句的邏輯。

    2. If you "are" really interested in your job, you "will feel" happier and more energetic while you work.

    直述語氣。條件子句為真實的條件(用現在簡單式動詞),結果子句為未來可能得到的結果(用未來簡單式動詞)。

    如果條件是不真實的,才會使用假設語氣,寫成if you "were" ... you "would feel"...

    3. When Jack's action was discovered, the emperor ordered that he (should) be put to death.

    名詞子句用的是「假設語氣」,主句在述說過去的歷史事件,用的是直述語氣。當動詞order(下令)受詞的名詞子句用了假設語氣的should(可省略或保留)表示責任或義務。答案中只有B是原形動詞,表示should省略,符合全句句意的邏輯。

    4. Egyptian culture "would not have become" so well-known if the museum "hadn't put" Egyptian mummies on show.

    全句用的是「假設語氣」,所述與過去事實不符(是假的想定),所以條件子句用「過去完成式」(hadn't put),而結果子句用「過去的未來式」(would not have become),表示稍後不會發生。

  • 3 年前

    1. It necessary that Jack (A)abide by the school rules or he'll be punished.

    necessary的補語 動詞用原型

    (A)正確 (B)時態錯誤 (C)(D)第三人稱單數用法錯誤

    2.If you are really interested in your job, you (D)would feel happier and more energetic while you work.

    與事實不符的假設語氣主要子句 的標準格式就是 would + root verb

    3.When Jack's action was discovered, the emperor ordered that he (B)be put to death.

    order 型態的受詞子句要用原型動詞 所以選(B)

    4.Egyptian culture would not have become so well-known if the museum (C)hadn't put Egyptian mummies on show.

    與過去事實不符的假設語氣 的條件子句(if)適用 過去完成式 故選(C)

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