匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 3 年前

這句 Father made me wash the car yesterday.為何不能用washed The teacher let us watch the movies on TV after the examination.為何不能用watched?

1 個解答

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    3 年前
    最佳解答

    使役動詞(causative verb)裡的have, make, let, bid等,其「受詞補語」使用不定詞時,應為「無to的不定詞」(bare infinitive)。

    Father made me wash the car yesterday.

    主詞father+使役動詞made+受詞me+受詞補語wash the car+修飾語yesterday

    wash 是當作受詞補語的bare infinitive

    I washed the car yesterday.

    The teacher let us watch the movies on TV after the examination.

    主詞teacher+使役動詞let+受詞us+受詞補語watch the movies+修飾語on TV after the examination

    watch是當作受詞補語的bare infinitive

    We watched the movie on TV after the examination.

    像allow, cause等表示「讓、使、叫某人做xxx」之意的動詞很多,使用不定詞當受詞補語時,大多使用有to的不定詞,只有少數的make, let, have等,才用無to的不定詞:

    The lawyer didn't get the witness to answer any question.

    本句用了有to的不定詞to answer

    使役動詞寫成被動態時,原來當作受詞補語的「無to不定詞」需要加上to:

    We are made "to buy" a lot of unnecessary things by the advertising.(被動)

    The advertising makes us "buy" a lot of unnecessary things.(主動)

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