ㄚ維 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 2 年前

您好!請教關於英文文法助動詞問題 我在某個英文書中 文章提到 The first thing she does is take a shower. 中間的 " does is " 連續使用了兩個助動詞,在文法書顯示助動詞不能連用,難道是文章錯了嗎?還是有其他意思呢?

1 個解答

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  • Kookie
    Lv 5
    2 年前
    最佳解答

    台灣學生一直被此一句法所困擾。有必要特別說明此一句型結構,構成要件

    [名詞片語 當主詞包含動詞 do/does/did] + is/was + [(to) V. 不定詞補語]

    1.) 名詞片語當主詞, What 子句 或 fused relative clause

    2.) 必須含有動詞do/does/did/done,

    3.) 這時 is/was 後不定詞補語可省略to (稱為 bare infinitive)

    [What I want to do] is (to) sleep.

    [What he's done] is (to) spoil the whole thing.

    [What John did to his suit] was (to) ruin it.

    [What I'm going to do to him] is (to) teach him a lesson

    [All he did] was (to) shake hands and wish me good luck.

    [All she ever does] is (to) make jam.

    [All you should do] is (to) study hard.

    [The easiest thing to do] is (to) call for a taxi.

    [The first thing she does] is (to) take a shower. (原句)

    如果名詞片語採用doing,則is/was 後動詞也採用 Ving

    What I'm doing is teaching him a lesson.

    詳細說明,請見

    https://ell.stackexchange.com/questions/44014/all-...

    https://ell.stackexchange.com/questions/35426/the-...

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