Mnemosyne 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 3 年前

May I have them shortened?是怎樣的英文用法?

The sleeves are too long for me.May I have them shortened?

請解說並加上例句

1 個解答

評分
  • Kookie
    Lv 5
    3 年前
    最佳解答

    have them shortened 的基本句型,HAVE + object + past participle

    1.) 延請某一專業服務,請他人完成某一項工作

    I had my hair cut this morning. (A hairdresser cut my hair.)

    I'm going to have my apartment painted. (I'm going to ask someone to paint my apartment.)

    上述兩句子,have/had 是使役動詞,其後過去分詞表示該項工作是由他人完成

    原句: May I have them shortened? (我可以請人改短袖子嗎?)

    = May I have the sleeves shortened?

    比較:

    I cut my hair this morning. (I did it myself.)

    I'm going to paint my apartment. (I'm going to do it myself.)

    比較:

    I had my hair cut. (causative: have + object + past participle)

    I had cut my hair. (past perfect tense: had + past participle) (I cut my hair 的過去完成式)

    2.) Have + object + past participle 也可用來表達 "經歷不愉快的事件"

    I had my bike stolen. (My bike was stolen.)

    He had his leg broken in a car crash. (His leg was broken in a car crash.)

    [註]

    我的資料來自,http://www.grammaring.com/have-object-past-partici...

    (該文內容既簡潔又厄要,所以直接引用)

    • Louis
      Lv 7
      3 年前檢舉

      May I have the sleeves shortened?
      主詞:I
      動詞:have(使役動詞:使某件事被別人做;受詞是事物)
      受詞:sleeves
      受詞補語:shortened(過去分詞,表被動)

      May I have someone shorten the sleeves?
      主詞:I
      使役動詞:have(使某人做某件事,受詞是人)
      受詞:someone
      受詞補語:shorten the sleeves(無to的不定詞片語,表示主動)

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