王海倫 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 2 年前

關於英文blow off及be covered問題。?

People must hurry to enjoy the sakura , as the blossoms are soon blown off the trees by spring winds. When the sakura fall , the ground is covered by a carpet of pink and white petals.

請問知識大大們,

1.為什麼blown off the trees,blown off 後面不用接from呢?-blown off from the trees

2.the ground is covered by為什麼不是用is covered with呢?我查字典好像都是be covered with,而且提到其中with不可以用by代替。

2 個解答

評分
  • 2 年前
    最佳解答

    這是 Passive Voice 的問題:

    1. .. the blossoms are soon blown off the trees by spring winds (passive voice)

    main verb = blow

    verb phrase pattern = (subject) blow something (object of verb) off something (object of preposition)

    ** the sentence in active voice :

    spring winds soon blow the blossoms off the tree

    It is hence not necessary to use another preposition "from".

    2. the ground is covered by a carpet of pink and white petals (passive voice)

    main verb = cover

    verb phrase pattern 1 = (subject) cover something (object of verb) 覆蓋某物

    verb phrase pattern 2 = (subject) cover something (object of verb) with something (object of preposition) 用某物覆蓋某物

    *** your sentence has the meaning fit into the pattern 1, so "with" can't be used.

    ** the sentence in active voice:

    a carpet of pink and white petals covers the ground 一層厚厚的粉紅色和白色花瓣 覆蓋 地面

    Example using "with"

    The workers cover the ground with a layer of tar.

    The ground is covered with a layer of tar by the workers. (passive voice)

    • 哈哈,謝謝Julie的詳細解說,原來如此,因為我之前一直把blow off直接當作一個片語來看,所以有疑惑。我懂了,謝謝你。: )

  • 2 年前

    1. 要是blown away的話,我就會加from. 不然就不加.

    2. 應該都可以的.用covered by讓主詞顯得比較被動.用with讓覆蓋的狀況比較均勻.不過還是二者應該都行的.

    3. 要問"為神?"應該是個人喜好吧!

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