Kamk 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 3 年前

關於英文文法的問題?

1.Her new hairstyle has made lot of difference to her appearance.這句中的lot of為何不是lots of呢?

2.在文法書上看到rather than的句中如有不定詞,則後面動詞可原形可動名詞。這個文法是如何來的呢?

I prefer to take my own lunch to the office rather than eat in restaurant. 這句中的eat我能改成to eat或eating的意思嗎?

先謝謝了.

2 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    3 年前
    最佳解答

    1. a lot of = lots of ,沒有lot of的用法。應是筆誤。

    名詞lot屬於「普通可數名詞」,單數時,前面必須加上不定冠詞a,複數形可不使用冠詞。

    2. rather than的前後應用相同詞性的字或詞表示「對應關係」:

    I prefer "to take my own lunch to the office" rather than "(to) eat in a restaurant."不定詞。

    He is "a writer" rather than "a scholar."名詞

    It is "sultry" rather than "warm."形容詞

    Rather than "travel by car," I'd prefer "to walk."不定詞

    (a) prefer + doing + to + doing

    I prefer "standing" to "sitting."動名詞相對應

    (b) prefer + to do + rather than + (to) do

    I prefer "to wait" rather than "(to) go at once."不定詞相對應(後面不定詞的記號to省略,以免重複)

    prefer後面如使用rather than時,不使用介系詞to;prefer A to B; prefer A rather than B均是表示要前者,不要後者。

    I prefer "taking my lunch to the office" to "eating in a restaurant."

    是prefer A to B的關係,A/B都是「動名詞」,其中的to是介系詞。

  • 3 年前

    (1) a lot; also informal "lots", adv. is used with adjective and adverb to mean "much":-eg:-Her new hairstyle has made lots of difference(=much) difference...Its a printing error.

    (2) By figure of speech,style of writing, In grammar, gerund is a noun in the form of the present participle of a verb (that is ,ending in --ing)eg:-"eating" in rather than "eating" in restaurant.

    By the figure of speech, style of writing in grammar, participle is a noun in grammar for a word formed from a verb, ending in --ing to mean the present participle, Or --ed, --en, etc to mean the past participle;(while participial is an adjective)eg:- "eating" in rather than "eating" in restaurant.

    Hence in (2) it is a matter of style of writing in grammar relating to verb=a verbal noun=gerund Or participle.

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